Modifications are quintuple, whether they are of misery or non-misery. Some functions of the heed bring misery whereas some of them do n’t. For example, anger, religious doctrine, lecherousness, etc., brings misery. Love, Kindness, wisdom do n’t bring misery. It depends on the attributes of the modifications. misery is the solution of the functions. Functions will result in either misery or non-misery.
Commentary by Sage Vyasha
The remainder on one kind are those brought about by the functions of the lapp kind. besides, the functions are being brought by the residue. The cycle of functions and remainder is revolving constantly. painful modifications are the ground for the manifestation of Karmic remainder. In the non-painful modifications, there is the cognition of the objects. They are opposed to the action of the attributes. The non-painful modifications, flush if they are falling in between two painful modifications, are non-painful only. similarly, the painful modifications occurring in between the non-painful modifications are afflictive lone.
Commentary by Swami Vivekananda
Commentary by Sri Osho
The first base thing to be understand : that mind is not something unlike from the body, remember. The heed is share of the torso. It is the body, but deeply subtle – a submit of body, but very finespun, identical refined. You can not catch it, but through the torso, you can influence it. If you take a drug, if you take LSD or marijuana or something else, or alcohol, abruptly the mind is affected. The alcohol goes in the body, not in the mind, but the mind is affected. The judgment is the subtlest depart of the body .
The turn back is besides true. Influence the heed and the body is affected. That happens in hypnosis. A person who can not walk, who says that he has a paralysis, can walk under hypnosis. You don ’ t have paralysis, but if under hypnosis it is said that ” immediately your body is paralyzed ; you can not walk, ” you can not walk. A paralyze man can walk under hypnosis. What is happening ? hypnosis goes into the judgment, the hypnotism goes into the take care. then the body follows.
The first matter to be understand : judgment and consistency are not two. This is one of the deepest discoveries of Patanjali. now modern science recognizes it ; it is very late in the West. nowadays they say body and beware −total kin this dichotomy is not right. now they say it is ” psychosoma ” : it is mind−body. These two terms are fair two functions of one phenomenon. One pole is mind, another pole is body ….
The soundbox has five organs of activeness – five indriyas, five instruments of natural process. The mind has five modifications, five modes of serve. Mind and soundbox are one. body is divided into five functions ; the mind is besides divided into five functions. We will go into each function in detail .
The second base thing about this sutra is : THEY CAN BE EITHER A SOURCE OF ANGUISH OR OF NON-ANGUISH .
These five modifications of the beware, this entirety of the take care, can lead you into deep anguish, in dukkha, in misery. Or, if you rightly use this mind, its officiate, it can lead you into non-misery. It can lead you at the most into non-misery.
That word ” non-misery ” is very significant. Patanjali doesn ’ t say that it will lead you into ananda, in bliss, no. The thinker can lead you into misery if you wrongly use it, if you become a slave to it. If you become the master, the mind can lead you into non-misery – not into bliss, because bliss is your nature ; the mind can not lead you to it. But if you are in non-misery, the inner bliss starts flowing. The bliss is always there at heart ; it is your intrinsic nature. It is nothing to be achieved and earned ; it is nothing to be reached somewhere. You are born with it ; you have it already ; it is already the shell. That ’ second why Patanjali doesn ’ t say that the take care can lead you into misery and can lead you into bliss – no ! He is very scientific, very accurate. He will not use even a single son which can give you any false information. He merely says either misery or non-misery .
Buddha besides says many times, whenever seekers will come to him – and seekers are after bliss, so they will ask Buddha, ” How can we reach to the bliss, the ultimate bliss ? ” He will say, ” I don ’ thyroxine know. I can show you the path which leads to non-misery, precisely the absence of misery. I don ’ t say anything about the positive bliss, fair the negative. I can show you how to move into the world of non-misery. ”
That ’ s all that methods can do. Once you are in the state of non-misery, the inner bliss starts flowing. But that doesn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate total from the mind, that comes from your inner being. indeed judgment has nothing to do with it ; the mind can not create it. If the mind is in misery then mind becomes a hindrance. If the beware is in non-misery, then mind becomes an opening. But it is not creative ; it is not doing anything .
You open the windows and the rays of the sun figure. By opening the windows you are not creating the sun. The sun was already there. If it was not there, then equitable by opening the windows, rays wouldn ’ thyroxine enter. Your window can become a hindrance –the sun rays may be outdoor and the window is closed. The windowpane can hinder or it can give means. It can become a passage, but it can not be creative. It can not create the rays ; the rays are there.
Your mind, if it is in misery, becomes closed. Remember, one of the characteristics of misery is closedness. Whenever you are in misery, you become close. Observe-whenever you feel some anguish, you are closed to the global. even to your dearest friend you are closed. even to your wife, your children, your beloved, you are closed when you are in misery because misery gives you a shrinking inside. You shrink. From everywhere you have closed your doors.
That ’ second why in misery people start thinking of suicide. Suicide means sum closing – no hypothesis of any communication, no possibility of any door. even a close door is dangerous. person can open it, so destroy the doorway, destroy all possibilities. Suicide means, ” now I am going to destroy all hypothesis of an opening. now I am closing myself wholly. ”
Whenever you are in misery you start thinking of suicide. Whenever you are glad you can not think of suicide ; you can not imagine. You can not even think that ” Why people commit suicide ? Life is such rejoice, biography is such a trench music, why people destroy life. ” It appears impossible. Why, when you are happy, it looks impossible. Because you are loose ; life is flowing in you. When you are felicitous you have a bigger soul, expansion. When you are infelicitous you have a smaller soul, shrivel .
When person is unhappy, touch him, take his hand into your hired hand. You will feel that his hand is dead. nothing is flowing through it – no love, no warmth. It is equitable arsenic cold as if it belonged to a cadaver. When person is happy, touch his hand, there is communication, energy is flowing. His hired hand is not equitable a dead hand, his hand has become a bridge. Through his bridge player, something comes to you, communicates, relates. A warmheartedness flows. He reaches to you. He makes every effort to flow in you and he allows you besides to flow within him.
When two persons are happy, they become one. That ’ sulfur why in love oneness happens and lovers start feeling that they are not two. They are two, but they start feeling they are not two because in love they are so happy that a thaw happens. They melt into each early ; they flow into each other .
Boundaries dissolve, definitions are blurred, and they don ’ thymine know who is who. At that moment they become one. When you are glad, you can flow into others and you can allow others to flow in you : this is what celebration means. When you allow everybody to flow in and you flow into everybody, you are celebrating life. And celebration is the greatest prayer, the highest vertex of meditation .
In misery you start thinking of committing suicide ; in misery, you start thinking of destruction. In misery, you are fair on the diametric pole of celebration. You blame. You can not celebrate. You have grudge against everything. Everything is wrong and you are negative, and you can not flow, and you can not relate, and you can not allow anybody to flow into you. You have become an island – closed wholly. This is a live death. Life is only when you are open and flowing, when you are unafraid, unafraid, open, vulnerable, celebrating.
Patanjali says mind can do two things. It can create misery. You can use it in such a way that you can become miserable, and you have used it. You are past masters of it. There is no indigence to talk much about it ; you know it already. You know the artwork, how to create misery. You may not be aware, but that is what you are doing, continuously. Whatsoever you touch becomes a source of misery. I say any !
I see poor men. They are hapless, obviously. They are hapless ; the basic needs of life are not fulfilled. But then I see rich people men, they are besides miserable. And they think, these rich men, they think that wealth leads nowhere. That is not justly. Wealth can lead to celebration, but you don ’ t have the mind to celebrate. so if you are poor you are miserable ; if you become fat you are more abject. The consequence you touch the riches, you have destroyed them .
Have you heard the Greek history of the King Midas ? Whatsoever he will touch it will turn into gold. You touch gold, immediately it becomes mire. It is turned into dust, and then you think that there is nothing in this universe, even riches are useless. They are not. But your heed can not celebrate, your judgment can not participate in any non-misery. If you are invited to the heaven, you will not find eden there, you will create a hell. As you are, wherever you go you will take your hell with you .
There is one Arabic proverb, that hell and heaven are not geographic places, they are attitudes. And no one enters heaven or hell ; everybody enters with eden or hell. Wherever you go you have your hell projection or the heaven projection with you. You have a projector inside. immediately you project.
But Patanjali is careful. He says misery or non-misery – positive misery or veto misery – but not bliss. The take care can not give you bliss ; no one can give. It is hidden in you, and when the mind is in a non-miserable state that bliss starts flowing. It is not coming from the mind, it is coming from beyond.
That ’ randomness why he says they can be either a source of pain or of non-anguish. THE MODIFICATIONS OF THE MIND ARE FIVE .