british and American film director, producer, actor and screenwriter
This article is about the film director. For other people with like names, see Tony Scott ( disambiguation )
Anthony David Leighton Scott ( 21 June 1944 – 19 August 2012 ) was an english film director, producer, actor, screenwriter and editor program. He was known for directing highly successful action and thriller films such as Top Gun ( 1986 ), Beverly Hills Cop II ( 1987 ), Days of Thunder ( 1990 ), The Last Boy Scout ( 1991 ), True Romance ( 1993 ), Crimson Tide ( 1995 ), Enemy of the State ( 1998 ), Man on Fire ( 2004 ), Déjà Vu ( 2006 ), and Unstoppable ( 2010 ).

Scott was the younger buddy of movie conductor Sir Ridley Scott. They both graduated from the Royal College of Art in London, and were among a generation of British film directors who were successful in Hollywood having started their careers making television receiver commercials. [ 1 ] In 1995, both Tony and Ridley received the BAFTA Award for Outstanding british Contribution To Cinema. [ 2 ] In 2010, they received the BAFTA Britannia Award for Worldwide Contribution to Filmed Entertainment. [ 3 ]

early life [edit ]

Scott was born in Tynemouth, Northumberland, North East England, the youngest of three sons of Elizabeth ( née Williams ) and Colonel Francis Percy Scott, who served in the Royal Engineers. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] Dixon Scott, a great uncle, was a initiate of the film chain, opening film around Tyneside. One Tyneside Cinema, in Newcastle, is the last leftover newsreel film operational in the United Kingdom. [ 8 ] Tony was a pupil at Rosebank School in Hartlepool, West Hartlepool College of Art and graduating from Sunderland Art School with a ticket arts academic degree. At the senesce of 16, he appeared in the unretentive film Boy and Bicycle, Ridley ‘s directorial debut ( he was 23 ). [ 9 ] Tony Scott continued his studies in art in Leeds after failing to gain entrance fee to the Royal College of Art in London ( he would succeed in a by and by attack ). In 1969, he made a unretentive movie based on the Ambrose Bierce report One of the Missing. As Ridley had previously cast him in a film, Tony reciprocated by giving his brother a function in the output. “ The film cost £1,000 ”, he recalled in April 2012. While at the Royal College of Art, where he was taught by Raymond Durgnat, he starred in “ Do n’t Walk ”, a film by colleague students Hank Onrust and Richard Stanley. The film credits state it was “ made for BUNAC by MARCA films at the Royal College of Art ”. Again following in Ridley ‘s footsteps, Tony graduated from the Royal College of Art, although he intended to become a painter. [ 10 ] Their eldest brother Frank had earlier joined the british Merchant Navy. [ 11 ]

Film career [edit ]

Commercials [edit ]

The achiever of his elder brother ‘s fledgling television receiver commercial product equip, Ridley Scott Associates ( RSA ), drew Tony ‘s attention to film. Ridley recounted, “ Tony had wanted to do documentaries at first. I told him, ‘Do n’t go to the BBC, come to me beginning. ‘ I knew that he had a affection for cars, thus I told him, ‘Come work with me and within a class you ‘ll have a Ferrari. ‘ And he did ! ” [ 12 ] Tony recalled, “ I was finishing eight years at art school, and Ridley had opened Ridley Scott Associates and said, ‘Come and make commercials and make some money ‘ because I owed money entrust and proper and center. ” [ 10 ] He directed many television commercials for RSA while besides overseeing the company ‘s operation while his buddy was developing his feature film career. “ My goal was to make films but I got sidetracked into commercials and then I took off. I had 15 years [ making them ], and it was a blast. We were very prolific, and that was our discipline anchor. You ‘d shoot 100 days in a year, then we gravitated from that to movie, ” he said. [ 10 ] Developing his own classifiable ocular dash while making commercials, Scott states, “ I cornered the market in aphrodisiac, rock ‘n’ roll gorge. ” [ 1 ] Scott took time out in 1975 to direct a television adaptation of the Henry James floor The Author of Beltraffio. [ 13 ] After the have film successes of fellow british directors Hugh Hudson, Alan Parker, Adrian Lyne and his elder brother during the late 1970s, all of whom had graduated from directing advertise commercials, he received initial overtures from Hollywood in 1980. His eldest brother Frank died, aged 45, of peel cancer during the same class. [ 14 ]

early films [edit ]

Scott reflected on his career in 2009 : [ 15 ]

The ’80s was a hale era. We were criticised, we being the Brits coming complete, because we were out of advertising— Alan Parker, Hugh Hudson, Adrian Lyne, my brother—we were criticised about style over message. Jerry Bruckheimer was identical bore of the way american films were very traditional and classically done. Jerry was constantly looking for dispute. That ‘s why I did six movies with Jerry. He always applauded the way I wanted to approach things. That menstruation in the ’80s was a period when I was constantly being criticised, and my weight-lift was atrocious. I never read any press after The Hunger .

Scott persisted in trying to embark on a have movie career. Among the ideas interesting to him was an adaptation of the Anne Rice novel Interview with the Vampire then in development. [ 16 ] MGM was already developing the vampire film The Hunger, and hired Scott in 1982. The Hunger starred David Bowie and Catherine Deneuve and introduced Willem Dafoe in a minor function. Despite its complicate photography and deluxe product design it failed to find an audience or to impress the critics, and performed ill at the box agency, though it late became a cult darling. [ 17 ] [ 18 ] [ 19 ] Finding few movie opportunities in Hollywood over the adjacent two and a half years, Scott returned to commercials and music video. [ 17 ] In 1985, producers Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer approached Scott to direct Top Gun, having been impressed by The Hunger, and a commercial he had done for swedish car manufacturer Saab in 1983, called “ nothing on Earth Comes Close ”, and featuring a Saab 900 turbo racing a Saab 37 Viggen champion k. [ 1 ] [ 20 ] Scott, initially reluctant, finally agreed to direct Top Gun. While the film received mix critical reviews, it was a box position smash, becoming one of the highest-grossing films of 1986, taking in more than $ 350 million, and making a star of its young supporter, Tom Cruise. [ 17 ] [ 21 ] Labelling Top Gun “ the samara 1980s movie made by the british ad invasion ”, Sam Delaney of The Guardian writes, “ By the mid-80 ‘s, Hollywood was awash with british directors who had ushered in a new era of blockbusters using the crowd-pleasing skills they ‘d honed in advertise. The huge resources and exemption made available to ad directors during advertise ‘s boom earned run average during the 1970 ‘s enabled them to innovate and experiment with new techniques that were n’t then possible in television receiver or film. ” [ 1 ]

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Hollywood success [edit ]

Following the leading success of Top Gun, Scott found himself on Hollywood ‘s a-list of action directors. [ 21 ] He re-teamed with Simpson and Bruckheimer in 1987 to direct Eddie Murphy and Brigitte Nielsen in the highly anticipated sequel Beverly Hills Cop II. It left critics underwhelmed, but was among the year ‘s highest-grossing films. [ 17 ] That class, in 1987, Tony Scott had signed a conduct with Paramount Pictures to develop films for a non-exclusive agreement, which will serve as producers and directors on the studio apartment. [ 22 ] His adjacent feature, Revenge ( 1990 ), a thriller of adultery and retaliation set in Mexico, starred Kevin Costner, Madeleine Stowe and Anthony Quinn. once again directing Tom Cruise, Scott returned to the Simpson-Bruckheimer close up to helm the big-budget racing film Days of Thunder ( 1990 ). Scott former stated that it was unmanageable to find the drama in racing cars in circles, so he “ steal from all race movies to date … then tried to build on them. ” [ 23 ] Scott ‘s future film was the cult action thriller The Last Boy Scout ( 1991 ) starring Bruce Willis and Damon Wayans and written by Shane Black. In 1993, Scott directed True Romance costing just $ 13 million, from a script by Quentin Tarantino. [ 24 ] The hurl included Christian Slater, Patricia Arquette, Dennis Hopper, Christopher Walken, Gary Oldman, Brad Pitt, Tom Sizemore, Chris Penn, Val Kilmer, James Gandolfini and Samuel L. Jackson. Although it received convinced reviews from Janet Maslin and other critics, it earned less than it cost to make and was considered a box office failure, although it has since attained cult status. [ 17 ] For his adjacent movie, Crimson Tide ( 1995 ), Scott again teamed up with producers Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer. A submarine thriller starring Gene Hackman and Denzel Washington, it was critically and commercially well received. In 1995, Shepperton Studios was purchased by a consortium headed by Tony and Ridley Scott, which extensively renovated the studios – located in Britain – while besides expanding and improving its grounds. [ 25 ] In 1996, Scott directed The Fan, starring Robert De Niro, Wesley Snipes, Ellen Barkin and Benicio del Toro. His 1998 film Enemy of the State, a conspiracy thriller, starred Will Smith and Gene Hackman, and was his highest-grossing film of the ten. [ 17 ] Spy Game was released in November, 2001, and garnered 63 % plus reviews at Metacritic and topped $ 60m at the US box office. Scott subsequently directed another thriller starring Denzel Washington, Man on Fire, released in April 2004. Tony teamed up with Ridley to co-produce the television receiver series Numb3rs, which aired from 2005 to 2010, with Tony directing the first sequence of the fourth season. [ 23 ] [ 26 ] In 2006, he contributed voice-over to a song called Dreamstalker on Hybrid ‘s album I Choose Noise ; Scott has collaborated with Hybrid on several films through their common friend, the highly successful film score composer, Harry Gregson-Williams. In 2005, Tony Scott directed Domino, starring Keira Knightley. [ 27 ] While celebrated for its practice of experimental film techniques, it was drubbed by critics and rejected by audiences. In fall 2006, Scott again worked with Denzel Washington, this time on a sci-fi action film, Déjà Vu. [ 28 ] The two collaborated again on The Taking of Pelham 123, a remake of the 1974 film of the lapp title, and which besides starred John Travolta. It was released on 12 June 2009. [ 29 ] In 2009, Tony and Ridley Scott were administrator producers for The Good Wife, a legal drama television series. [ 30 ] In 2010, the Scott brothers produced the have film adaptation of the television series The A-Team. [ 31 ] The lapp class, Scott collaborated again with Denzel Washington on Unstoppable, which besides starred Chris Pine, and hit the screens in November. [ 32 ] curtly before his death, Tony Scott produced Coma, a medical thriller miniseries, the Coca-Cola short film The Polar Bears and the thrillers Stoker and The East, the latter two with his brother, Ridley. [ 33 ]

Unreleased projects [edit ]

Scott developed a film adaptation of Clifford Irving ‘s novel Tom Mix and Pancho Villa ( 1981 ) for over a decade. In November 2003, he scouted locations in Mexico, and Steven Zaillian was writing the screenplay. “ This is Lawrence of Arabia meets The Wild Bunch, a huge film with trains, cavalry, thousands of soldiers in uniform and on hogback, ” Scott said. [ 34 ] In former 2006, Scott announced a remake of the action thriller The Warriors ( 1979 ). “ The master Warriors was New York in the 1970s, and everything went upwards, everything went vertically. And immediately I ‘m making it a contemporary thing and doing it in L.A., so everything is horizontal. So my vision of The Warriors is Los Angeles in 2007 and the gangs, rather of being 30, are going to be 3,000 or 5,000, ” he said. [ 35 ] Scott met with actual gang members for research : “ I ‘ve met all the heads of all the unlike gangs, so I ‘ve already educated myself. They all said, ‘Listen dude, if you get this on we ‘ll sign a treaty and we ‘ll all stand on the Long Beach Bridge. There ‘ll be 150,000 members there. It ‘ll look like the L.A. Marathon. ‘ ” [ 35 ] Scott was simultaneously developing a drama project titled Emma’s War about British foreign help worker Emma McCune. [ 36 ] Scott said in October 2006, “ It ‘s been a difficult man to crack. We had one writer aboard who did a pass at the handwriting and did n’t get it, but we ‘ve got person else onboard immediately who I ‘m going to make live down there and smell it, touch it, feel it. There ‘s nothing that can compare to that kind of first-hand feel. ” [ 37 ] Tom Cruise was with Scott good two days prior to the director ‘s suicide, scouting locations for a sequel to Top Gun, scheduled for production in 2013. [ 38 ] In December 2012, Paramount announced that the undertaking was officially cancelled, but they would go ahead with a 3D IMAX remastering of the original Top Gun, which was released on 8 February 2013. [ 39 ] In June 2013 it was confirmed by Bruckheimer that Top Gun 2 has been given the greenlight once again. Scott was besides slated to direct Narco Sub, from a script by David Guggenheim and Mark Bomback, about “ a discredit american naval military officer forced to pilot a submarine carrying a warhead of cocaine to America. ” [ 38 ] Scott was besides considering a remake of the authoritative western The Wild Bunch ( 1969 ). [ 38 ]

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Directing style [edit ]

Katey Rich of Cinema Blend wrote that Scott had a “ trademark frantic camera vogue ”, [ 40 ] which Scott spoke about in June 2009, in mention to The Taking of Pelham 123 :

It ‘s about energy and it ‘s about momentum, and I think the movie ‘s very excite, and it ‘s not one individual thing. The true excitation comes from the actors—that gives you the true drama—and whatever I can do with the television camera, that ‘s icing on the cake. I wanted the movie to grab you. I use four cameras and I possibly do three takes—so the actors love it. possibly I move it more than I should, but that ‘s the nature of the means I am. [ 15 ]

Scott besides spoke about his career in general :

What constantly leads me in terms of my movies are characters. [ I tell my product team ] ‘Go into the substantial world, cast these people in the very world, and find me function models for my writers. ‘ then I reverse-engineer. I do n’t change the structure of the script, but I use my research. That ‘s constantly been my mantra, and that ‘s what gets me excited, because I get to educate and entertain myself in terms of worlds I could never normally refer, other than the fact that I ‘m a director. [ … ] If you look at my body of work, there ‘s always a dark side to my characters. They ‘ve always got a skeleton in the wardrobe, they ‘ve constantly got a subtext. I like that. Whether it ‘s Bruce Willis in Last Boy Scout or Denzel Washington in The Taking of Pelham 123. I think fear, and there ‘s two ways of looking at fear. The most awful thing I do in my life is getting improving and shooting movies. Commercials, movies, every dawn I ‘m bolt upright on one hour two hours sleep, before the alarm clock goes off. That ‘s a adept thing. That fear motivates me, and I enjoy that fear. I ‘m depraved in that way. I do other things. I ‘ve rock climbed all my life sentence. Whenever I finish a movie, I do multi-day ascents, I go hang on a wall in Yosemite. That fear is tangible. That ‘s black and egg white. I can make this control or that clasp. The other concern is intangible, it ‘s very abstract, and that ‘s more awful. [ 15 ]

Manohla Dargis of The New York Times wrote that Scott was “ one of the most influential film directors of the past 25 years, if besides one of the most systematically and egregiously underloved by critics ” and called him “ [ o ] neon of the pop futurists of the contemporary blockbuster. ” [ 41 ] She felt that “ [ metric ton ] here was enough about his work that was baffling and at times offensive, yet it could have terrific pop, energy, beauty and a near pure film quality. These were, more than anything, films by person who wanted to pull you in difficult and never let you go. ” [ 41 ] Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly wrote that “ the propellant, at times borderline absurd popcorn-thriller storylines ; the slice-and-dice edit and the images that somehow managed to glow with grit ; the powerhouse ferocity, much glimpsed in smeary-techno telephotograph shots ; the way he had of making actors seem volatile and active and, at the like time, lacking about any subtext ” were qualities of Scott ‘s films that both “ excite audiences about his exploit ” and “ kept him locked outside the gates of critical respectability. ” [ 42 ] Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter wrote that after Top Gun, Scott “ found his commercial niche as a brash, flashy, sometimes crude action painter on film, ” citing Beverly Hills Cop II, Days of Thunder, The Last Boy Scout, True Romance, and The Fan as examples. [ 43 ] McCarthy concluded that Unstoppable, Scott ‘s concluding film, was one of his best. apart from having “ its conductor ‘s fingerprints all over it—the commitment to extreme action, frantic cutting, stripped dialogue ” —McCarthy found “ a sociable review embedded in its guts ; it was about disconnected working course stiffs living fringy lives on society ‘s sidings, about the barely inundate anger of a neglect underclass, ” something which “ always had been lacking from Tony Scott ‘s solve, some association to the real worldly concern rather than fair pathetic flyboy stuff and meaningful glances accompanied by this year ‘s pop music hit. ” [ 43 ] Betsy Sharkey of The Los Angeles Times wrote that Denzel Washington—who starred in Crimson Tide, Man on Fire, Déjà Vu, The Taking of Pelham 123, and Unstoppable —was Scott ‘s muse, and Scott “ was at his best when Washington was in the video. The characters the actor played are the original of the kind of men Scott made. At their core, and what guided all the actions that followed, was a fundamental decency. They were flawed men to be surely, some more than others, but men who accorded dignity to anyone who deserved it. ” [ 44 ]

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personal animation [edit ]

Scott married three times. His first marriage was to BAFTA Award winning television production couturier Gerry Boldy ( 1944–2007 ) in 1967. They were divorced in 1974. [ 45 ] His second marriage was in 1986 to advertising executive Glynis Sanders. [ 46 ] They divorced a year late when his affair with Brigitte Nielsen ( married to Sylvester Stallone at the time ), whom he met on the set of Beverly Hills Cop II, became public. [ citation needed ] He subsequently met film and television receiver actress Donna Wilson, who was 24 years his junior, on the set of Days of Thunder in 1990 ; they married in 1994. She gave birth to their twin sons, Frank and Max, in 2000. [ 47 ]

death [edit ]

On 19 August 2012, at approximately 12:30 autopsy PDT, Scott died by suicide by jumping off the Vincent Thomas Bridge in the San Pedro port district of Los Angeles. [ 48 ] Investigators from the Los Angeles Police Department ‘s Harbor Division found contact information in a note leave in his car, parked on the bridge, [ 49 ] and a note at his office for his kin. [ 50 ] [ 51 ] One witness said he did not hesitate before jumpstart, but another said he looked nervous before climbing a fence, hesitating for two seconds, and jumping into the water beside a go boat. [ 52 ] [ 49 ] [ 53 ] His body was recovered from the water by the Los Angeles Port Police. [ 6 ] On 22 August, Los Angeles County coroner ‘s spokesman Ed Winters said the two notes Scott left behind made no mention of any health problems, [ 54 ] but neither the police nor the class disclosed the content of those notes. [ 55 ] On 22 October 2012, the Los Angeles County Coroner ‘s Office announced the cause of death as “ multiple numb power injuries ”. curative levels of the antidepressant mirtazapine and the rest help eszopiclone were in his organization at the meter of death. [ 56 ] A coroner ‘s official said Scott “ did not have any dangerous implicit in medical conditions ” and that there was “ no anatomic evidence of neoplasia [ cancer ] identified. ” [ 57 ] In a November 2014 interview with Variety, Ridley Scott described his brother ‘s end as “ inexplicable ”, saying that Tony had been “ fighting a drawn-out conflict with cancer—a diagnosis the family elected to keep private during his treatments and in the immediate wake of his death. ” [ 58 ]

Funeral and bequest [edit ]

A kin press acquittance on 22 August 2012, stated that “ The family will announce plans after Labor Day for a gather to celebrate the life and work of Tony Scott. Details will be forthcoming once they are formalized. ” [ 59 ] The family announced that they had established a eruditeness fund at the American Film Institute in Scott ‘s name, submit, “ The family ask that in stead of flowers, donations be made to the fund to help encourage and engage future generations of filmmakers. ” [ 60 ] He was cremated, and his ashes were interred at Hollywood Forever Cemetery on 24 August in Los Angeles. subsequently, it was reported that he had left his estate to his family trust. [ 61 ] [ 62 ] many actors paid protection to him, including Tom Cruise, Christian Slater, Val Kilmer, Eddie Murphy, Denzel Washington, Gene Hackman, Elijah Wood, Dane Cook, Dwayne Johnson, Stephen Fry, Peter Fonda and Keira Knightley, [ 63 ] [ 64 ] deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as melodious collaborators Hybrid. [ 65 ] Cruise complimented Scott as “ a creative visionary whose scratch on film is incomputable. ” [ 63 ] Denzel Washington, Scott ‘s most frequent acting collaborator, said, “ Tony Scott was a bang-up conductor, a actual supporter and it is unfathomable to think that he is now gone. ” Directors UK chair Charles Sturridge said Scott was “ a brilliant british director with an extraordinary ability to create energy on screen, both in action and in the creation of fictional character. ” [ 66 ] The first base episode of Coma and the first episode of temper 4 of The Good Wife were dedicated in his memory. His brother Ridley ‘s films The Counselor and Exodus: Gods and Kings were besides dedicated to his memory. [ 67 ] Ridley besides paid protection to Tony at the 2016 Golden Globes, after his film, The Martian, won Best motion picture – Musical or Comedy. [ 68 ]

Filmography [edit ]

Films [edit ]

Feature films

Short films

Year Title Director Writer Notes
1970 Loving Memory Yes Yes Also cinematographer and editor
1976 The Author of Beltraffio Yes No Produced for the French television anthology series Nouvelles de Henry James

Mid-length films

Year Title Director Producer Writer Notes
1969 One of the Missing Yes No Yes Also cinematographer and editor
2002 Beat the Devil Yes Executive No Segment of The Hire
2004 Agent Orange Yes No No
2012 The Polar Bears No Yes No

television [edit ]

Director

Year Title Episodes
1997-1999 The Hunger “The Swords” and “Sanctuary”

Executive Producer

Others [edit ]

Music videos
Commercials

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

further read [edit ]

  • Gerosa, Mario ed. (2014). Il cinema di Tony Scott. Il Foglio. ISBN 9788876064814.
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