Town in Ontario, Canada
Oakville is a township in Halton Region, Ontario, Canada. It is located on Lake Ontario between Toronto and Hamilton. At its 2021 census population of 213,759, it is Ontario ‘s largest township. Oakville is character of the Greater Toronto Area, one of the most densely populated areas of Canada .

history [edit ]

In 1793, Dundas Street was surveyed for a military road. In 1805, the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada bought the lands between Etobicoke and Hamilton from the autochthonal Mississaugas people, except for the land at the mouths of Twelve Mile Creek ( Bronte Creek ), Sixteen Mile Creek, and along the Credit River. In 1807, british immigrants settled the area surrounding Dundas Street american samoa well as on the shore of Lake Ontario. [ 5 ] In 1820, the Crown bought the area surrounding the waterways. The sphere around the brook, 960 acres ( 3.9 km2 ), ceded to the Crown by the Mississaugas, [ 6 ] was auctioned off to William Chisholm in 1827. He left the development of the area to his son, Robert Kerr Chisholm, and his brother-in-law, Merrick Thomas. Chisholm besides formed shipbuilding commercial enterprise in Oakville Navy Street and Sixteen Mile Creek ( Halton Region ) and lasted until 1842, but shipbuilding in Oakville lasted into the late twentieth century. [ 7 ] [ 8 ]

The population in 1846 was 1,500. The residential district shipped large quantities of pale yellow and lumber via schooners and the railway. There were three churches, a grist mill and proverb grind, and diverse small companies making threshing machines, wagons, watches, saddles, and metallic goods. There were besides tradesmen of diverse types. [ 9 ] Oakville ‘s industries besides included shipbuilding. In the 1850s, there was an economic receding and the foundry, the most authoritative industry in town, was closed. Basket-making became a major diligence in the township, and the Grand Trunk Railway was built through it. [ 10 ] In 1869, the population was 2,000. [ 11 ] The community was served by the Great Western Railway and it was a port on Lake Ontario. The town finally became industrialize with the open of Cities Service Canada ( belated BP Canada, and nowadays Petro Canada ) and Shell Canada petroleum refineries ( both immediately closed ), the Procor factory ( no longer manufacturing ), and, most importantly, the Ford Motor Company ‘s canadian headquarters and plant, all close to the Canadian National Railway and the Queen Elizabeth Way highway between Toronto and Fort Erie ( Buffalo ). [ 12 ] In 1962, the town of Oakville merged with its neighbor villages ( Bronte, Palermo, Sheridan, and the remainder of Trafalgar Township ) to become the raw Town of Oakville, reaching northwards to Steeles Avenue in Milton. In 1973, the restructure of Halton County into Halton Region brought the northern surround southwards to good north of the future Highway 407. [ 13 ]

geography [edit ]

Neighbourhoods [edit ]

Oakville ‘s Planning Department divides the township into communities. These are based on traditional neighbourhoods. [ 14 ] Oakville Harbour

Neighbourhood Description
Old Oakville Old Oakville (downtown) is located in South-Central Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario. It is bordered by the Sixteen Mile Creek and Oakville Harbour to the west, Chartwell Road to the east, and Cornwall Road to the north.[15]
Kerr Village Kerr Village is a section of downtown located just west of the Old Village around Kerr Street between Speers Rd and Lakeshore Road.
Bronte Bronte is located in Southwest Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario. It is a community centred on Bronte Harbour and includes the Coronation Park district to its east.[16]
Eastlake Eastlake is located in Southeast Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario. It is bordered on the west by Morrison Creek, to the north by Cornwall Road, and to the east by Mississauga.[17]
Clearview Clearview is located in Centre East Oakville. It is located on the Oakville-Mississauga border[18]
College Park College Park is located between Sixteen Mile Creek and just east of Trafalgar Road, from the Queen Elizabeth Way north to Upper Middle Road. It surrounds Sheridan College.[19]
Iroquois Ridge North Iroquois Ridge North is located in North East Oakville between Upper Middle Road and Dundas Street.[20]
Iroquois Ridge South Iroquois Ridge South is located in North East Oakville. The Falgarwood area is located in the southern end of the Iroquois Ridge South community.[21]
Glen Abbey Glen Abbey is located in West Oakville, with Third Line and Dorval Drive being the major arteries of the community. It is a large area west of the Glen Abbey Golf Course, home of the Canadian Open.[22]
Palermo Palermo is located in Northwest Oakville. It is a small community centred on the intersection of Dundas Street and Bronte Road (Highway 25).[23]
River Oaks River Oaks is located in North-Central Oakville. It includes the Oak Park development.[24]
Uptown Core Uptown Core is located in North Centre Oakville. It includes the area on either side of Trafalgar Road between Dundas Street and Glenashton Drive.[25]
West Oak Trails West Oak Trails is located in North Centre West Oakville on the north side of Upper Middle Road. It is a newer development than the other communities.[26]
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climate [edit ]

Like much of Southern Ontario, Oakville has a Humid continental climate straddling Dfa/Dfb classifications, with cold, but not extreme, winters and warmly, to very warm summers. Like most lakeside municipalities on the Great Lakes, there are varying temperatures within township boundaries, by and large affectionate days further from the lake, the exception being on the cold days in winter. [ 27 ]

Climate data for Oakville Southeast WPCP
Climate ID: 615N745; coordinates ; elevation: 86.9 m (285 ft); 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
15.6
(60.1)
27.5
(81.5)
32.0
(89.6)
33.0
(91.4)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
37.5
(99.5)
35.0
(95.0)
28.9
(84.0)
23.3
(73.9)
22.0
(71.6)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
0.6
(33.1)
4.7
(40.5)
11.3
(52.3)
17.9
(64.2)
23.2
(73.8)
26.3
(79.3)
25.2
(77.4)
20.9
(69.6)
14.3
(57.7)
8.3
(46.9)
2.8
(37.0)
12.9
(55.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−3.9
(25.0)
0.1
(32.2)
6.4
(43.5)
12.3
(54.1)
17.7
(63.9)
20.9
(69.6)
20.1
(68.2)
15.6
(60.1)
9.3
(48.7)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
8.1
(46.6)
Average low °C (°F) −8.9
(16.0)
−8.3
(17.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
1.5
(34.7)
6.8
(44.2)
12.1
(53.8)
15.4
(59.7)
15.0
(59.0)
10.2
(50.4)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
3.2
(37.8)
Record low °C (°F) −30.0
(−22.0)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−14.4
(6.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.1
(34.0)
7.0
(44.6)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
−14.0
(6.8)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−30.0
(−22.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59.8
(2.35)
46.7
(1.84)
54.4
(2.14)
65.2
(2.57)
73.9
(2.91)
71.0
(2.80)
75.8
(2.98)
78.3
(3.08)
73.5
(2.89)
70.0
(2.76)
79.3
(3.12)
58.8
(2.31)
806.7
(31.76)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 31.5
(1.24)
30.7
(1.21)
37.2
(1.46)
63.1
(2.48)
73.9
(2.91)
71.0
(2.80)
75.8
(2.98)
78.3
(3.08)
73.5
(2.89)
70.0
(2.76)
76.8
(3.02)
43.9
(1.73)
725.6
(28.57)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 28.3
(11.1)
16.1
(6.3)
17.2
(6.8)
2.1
(0.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.5
(1.0)
14.9
(5.9)
81.0
(31.9)
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 0.2 millimeter ) 9.6 7.2 9.0 11.1 10.4 10.3 8.8 9.8 10.2 10.4 11.1 9.7 117.6
Average rainy days ( ≥ 0.2 millimeter ) 4.4 3.8 6.4 10.6 10.4 10.3 8.8 9.8 10.2 10.4 10.6 6.8 102.4
Average snowy days ( ≥ 0.2 curium ) 5.6 3.7 3.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.4 17.6
Source: Environment Canada[28]

Demographics [edit ]

Oakville
Year Pop. ±%
1841 550 —    
1871 1,684 +206.2%
1901 1,643 −2.4%
1911 2,372 +44.4%
1921 3,298 +39.0%
1931 3,857 +16.9%
1941 4,115 +6.7%
1951 6,910 +67.9%
1961 10,366 +50.0%
1971 61,483 +493.1%
1981 75,773 +23.2%
1991 114,670 +51.3%
1996 128,405 +12.0%
2001 144,738 +12.7%
2006 165,613 +14.4%
2011 182,520 +10.2%
2016 193,832 +6.2%

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Oakville had a population of 213,759 living in 73,558 of its 76,179 sum individual dwellings, a switch of 10.3 % from its 2016 population of 193,832. With a country sphere of 138.94 km2 ( 53.65 sq security service ), it had a population density of 1,538.5/km2 ( 3,984.7/sq mi ) in 2021. [ 29 ] According to the 2006 census, Oakville had a younger population than Canada as a whole. Minors ( youth under 19 years of long time ) totalled 28.1 percentage of the population compared to pensioners who number 11.7 percentage. This compares with the canadian average of 24.4 percentage ( minors ) and 13.7 percentage ( pensioners ). [ 30 ] According to the 2011 Census, 69.6 % of Oakville residents have English as their beget tongue ( the corresponding figure for French is 1.8 % ). polish is the native lyric for 1.5 % of the population, followed by italian, portuguese, and spanish ( at 1.4 % each ). [ 34 ] 79.4 % of residents stated their religion as Christian, about evenly burst between Roman Catholics and Protestants. Non-Christian religions include Islam : 2.0 %, Hinduism : 1.3 %, sikhism : 1.1 %, and Judaism : 0.7 %. 14 % indicate no religion. The median family income is $ 118, 671, [ 35 ] with an average house value of $ 1,118,572. [ 36 ]

economy [edit ]

The clear employers in Oakville include : [ 37 ]

Employers [edit ]

Mattamy Homes is based in Oakville [ obsolete source ] while Siemens, The Ford Motor Company, and MADD Canada have their head canadian offices in the township. many Oakville residents work in advanced manufacture at boastfully facilities operated by UTC Aerospace Systems and General Electric. [ 38 ] many Oakville companies fall under the life science umbrella, with an vehemence on pharmaceuticals and elder concern. [ 38 ] There are besides a number of retirement homes in the city. [ 38 ] [ 39 ] As Oakville is considered separate of the Greater Toronto Area it is common for residents to commute to jobs in Toronto. [ 40 ]

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Arts and acculturation [edit ]

Oakville Centre for the Performing Arts [edit ]

Oakville Centre for the Performing Arts The Oakville Centre for the Performing Arts houses several performances by local and external artists. It is besides the perform venue for the Oakville Symphony Orchestra, the Oakville Children ‘s Choir and the Oakville Ballet Company. The Oakville Arts Council provides further aesthetic talents in the town showcasing films, literary figures and ocular arts .

The Oakville Children ‘s Choir [edit ]

The Oakville Children ‘s Choir has been in commercial enterprise since 1994. [ 41 ]

Oakville Galleries [edit ]

Oakville Galleries is a nonprofit organization art museum that exhibits contemporary art, cares for a permanent solicitation and delivers public program. Its exhibition spaces are located on two sites : Gairloch Gardens and Centennial Square. [ 42 ]

Events [edit ]

Downtown Oakville Jazz Festival [edit ]

The Downtown Oakville Jazz Festival is an annual summer sleep together festival established in 1992. The event includes performances at a number of stages along Lakeshore Road in downtown Oakville. The event is free to the public. [ 43 ]

Waterfront Festival [edit ]

Beginning in 1982, Oakville ‘s Coronation Park played host to the annual Oakville Waterfront Festival. Among a rate of events, the festival included small amusement ballpark rides, arts and crafts, food and drinks, free concerts headlined by canadian bands, and nightly fireworks displays. The Waterfront Festival took place in recently June of each year until 2010, when it was cancelled due to fiscal difficulties, [ 44 ] despite having annual attendance of up to 100,000 visitors. It returned in August 2013, [ 45 ] which was the most late festival to date .

Kerrfest [edit ]

The Kerrfest is an annual outdoor music festival that takes place in early September in Oakville. Having begun in 2014, the consequence includes free performances and is open to the populace, located at Westwood Park. [ 46 ]

For the Love of the Arts festival [edit ]

The For the Love of the Arts Festival is an annual event taking identify in the former leap in Oakville. Inaugurated in 2002, the event is hosted by CommUnity Arts Space ( originally known as Music and Art Shared Space who initiated the festival ), a local anesthetic umbrella group advocating for shared physical space for Oakville ‘s arts and cultural groups. [ 47 ] Currently the only such multi-disciplinary residential district festival of its kind in Oakville, the event serves to showcase local anesthetic talent, skills, crafts, literary artwork, dance performances, field groups and music performances. The event is intended as a emblematic presentation of a “ shared space ” and is entirely sponsored by local corporate and secret donations. [ 48 ]

Shopping [edit ]

The Oakville Place Shopping Centre is an indoor shop plaza in Oakville that opened in 1981. [ 49 ] [ 50 ] [ 51 ] The plaza is approximately 42,000 square metres ( 452,000 sq foot ). [ 52 ] [ 53 ]

Sports [edit ]

golf [edit ]

Glen Abbey Golf Course is located in Oakville. Designed by Jack Nicklaus, the course has hosted 30 canadian Open championships since it opened in 1977, and both Golf Canada and the canadian Golf Hall of Fame are located there. [ 54 ] In 2018, the owner, Clublink, planned to demolish the golf path in order to build residential and commercial properties. [ 55 ] In 2021, following objections from the community and municipal government, Clublink withdraw its development plan and stated it would continue operating Glen Abbey as a golf course. [ 54 ]

soccer [edit ]

The Oakville Blue Devils of League 1 Ontario is a professional soccer team. The Blue Devils are affiliated with the Oakville Soccer Club, which is the largest soccer clubhouse in Canada. [ 56 ] Oakville boasts over 60 soccer fields and a soccer Club Facility with a two-star, life-size, FIFA-Certified indoor soccer pitch. [ 57 ]

lacrosse [edit ]

Oakville is home to the headquarters and practice facilities of the Toronto Rock professional box lacrosse team competing in the National Lacrosse League. Oakville is besides home to the 3rd largest minor lacrosse association in ontario : The Oakville Minor Lacrosse Association has more than 1,500 players and competes in multiple classes and multiple divisions. The town besides has the Oakville Buzz, a Junior “ A ” lacrosse team who won the Founders Cup in 2006. The current rep lacrosse team is the Oakville Hawks. [ 58 ]

field hockey [edit ]

Oakville Blades home bet on The Oakville Blades is a Tier II Junior “ A ” franchise since 1966, and a “ AAA ” ice hockey system. The stream rep field hockey team for boys in Oakville is Oakville Rangers, who are the 2-time champion champions for the Midget “ AAA ” group. For girls, there is the Oakville Hornets, who are the largest female ice hockey association in the world. [ 59 ]

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Skating [edit ]

Skate Oakville, which is headquartered at Oakville ‘s Sixteen Mile Creek Sports Complex, was recently the largest skating club in Canada, [ 60 ] providing memorize to skate lessons, amateur calculate skating programs, competitive train, and 10 synchronized skating teams. [ 61 ]

baseball [edit ]

baseball is represented in Oakville by two organizations : Oakville Little League and the OMBA ( Oakville Minor Baseball Association ). [ 62 ] Oakville Little League is the largest little league administration in Canada. In 2018, there were over 1,150 young people playing across eight divisions and over 90 teams, including seven All-Star teams. Oakville Little League besides fields six All-Star ( Rep ) teams, known as the Oakville Whitecaps. The 12U and 14U Whitecaps teams compete per annum to play in the Little League World Series and Junior League World Series, respectively. [ 63 ] The OMBA ( Oakville Minor Baseball Association ) was established in 1963. It offers three levels of baseball to children and young in Oakville : House League, Select and Rep. OMBA runs the Oakville A ‘s, the official Town Rep baseball play in the Central Ontario Baseball Association ( COBA ) system .

Canoeing [edit ]

Burloak Canoe Club is located in Oakville. Three Olympians, Adam van Koeverden, Mark Oldershaw and Larry Cain, trained at the club. [ 64 ]

government [edit ]

municipal and regional [edit ]

At the municipal level, the governing consistency is the Oakville Town Council consisting of a mayor ( presently Rob Burton ) and fourteen councillors. [ 65 ] The town is divided into seven wards, with two councillors elected by residents of each cellblock. [ 66 ] In each cellblock, one council member represents the ward entirely on the Oakville Town Council, and the other is a extremity of the 21-member regulate council of the Regional Municipality of Halton, [ 67 ] in addition to being a penis of the 14-member Town Council .

peasant [edit ]

Two provincial ridings are situated in Oakville, which use the same boundaries as the federal ridings and are presently represented provincially by :

federal [edit ]

Two federal ridings are situated in Oakville, which are presently represented by :

infrastructure [edit ]

transportation [edit ]

Oakville Transit provides local busbar service. GO Transit commuter vilify and bus topology service operates from Bronte and Oakville stations. Via Rail services along the note between Windsor and Quebec corridor, and operates from Oakville station. [ 71 ] respective major roads and highways go through Oakville :
The Queen Elizabeth Way and Ontario Highway 403 run concurrently throughout most of Oakville .

emergency services [edit ]

Law enforcement in Oakville is performed by the Halton Regional Police Service. [ 72 ] Fire service is provided by the Oakville Fire Department with its nine fire stations. [ 73 ] The Town of Oakville ‘s Waters Air Rescue Force is a volunteer organization that provides nautical search and rescue serve in western Lake Ontario. It was founded in 1954 and was a charter member of the Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary. [ 74 ]

education [edit ]

elementary schools and high schools in Oakville are a desegregate of secret and public schools, with one of the highest ratios of private schools to student population in the state. [ 75 ] Oakville is covered by the Halton District School Board, Halton Catholic District School Board, Conseil scolaire Viamonde, and Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir. St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic Secondary School ( Oakville ) and White Oaks Secondary School both offer the International Baccalaureate Program. The town is home to Appleby College, a private school for grades seven to twelve, established in 1911 [ 76 ] american samoa well as St. Mildred’s-Lightbourn School, an freelancer all-girls school. Oakville is besides home to the Trafalgar Campus of Sheridan College, chiefly an arts and business studies institute, and Oakville ‘s only higher department of education facility. [ 77 ]

Media [edit ]

Oakville is chiefly served by media based in Toronto with markets in the Greater Toronto Area ( GTA ) that cover most of the news program in the GTA. [ 78 ] One regional newspaper, the Oakville Beaver, is published once weekly. [ 79 ] [ 80 ] The monthly magazines Neighbours of Joshua Creek, Neighbours of Glen Abbey and Neighbours of Olde Oakville serve three key neighbourhoods. The township is besides served by Oakvillenews.org, a locally owned on-line casual newsletter and web site. [ 81 ] The township besides has two specialization radio stations : AM 1250 CJYE, a christian music place [ 82 ] and AM 1320 CJMR, a multicultural station. [ 83 ] The adopt home cable television station besides circulate from Oakville : [ 84 ]

  • The Weather Network has broadcast nationally from Oakville since 2005
  • The Hamilton-based television station CHCH-DT serves Hamilton, Halton and Niagara, thus including Oakville. CHCH recently closed its Halton Bureau (due to budget considerations) which was located in downtown Oakville.
  • TVCogeco from the studio in the Cogeco Cable Headquarters at Harvester Road & Burloak Drive, just inside of Burlington.

baby cities [edit ]

Oakville is twinned with the stick to cities : [ 85 ] The town of Oakville has named two streets after Dorval and Neyagawa .

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

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