special autonomous city in Hoseo, South Korea
limited autonomous city in Hoseo, South Korea
structure site in Sejong, November 2009 Sejong ( korean : [ ˈsʰe̞ːd͡ʑoŋ ] ( ) ; korean : 세종 ; Hanja : 世宗 ), officially the Sejong Special Self-Governing City [ 2 ] ( 세종특별자치시 ; 世宗特別自治市 ), is a particular autonomous city and de facto administrative capital of South Korea.

Sejong was founded in 2007 as the new planned capital of South Korea from many parts of the South Chungcheong province and some parts of North Chungcheong state to ease congestion in South Korea ‘s stream capital and largest city, Seoul, and encourage investment in the nation ‘s central region. Since 2012, the politics of South Korea has relocated numerous ministries and agencies to Sejong, but many still reside in other cities, chiefly Seoul, where the National Assembly and many authoritative government bodies remain. Sejong has a population of 351,007 as of 2020 and covers a geographic area of 465.23 km2 ( 179.63 sq myocardial infarction ), making it the least-populous and smallest first-level administrative division in South Korea. Sejong is located in the west-central Hoseo region, bordering South Chungcheong to the west, Daejeon Metropolitan City to the south, and North Chungcheong to the east. The construction of the city should be completed in 2030. In the same year, all politics institutions should be moved to Sejong. About 500,000 people are expected to live there in 2030. [ 3 ]

name [edit ]

Sejong was named in honor of King Sejong the Great, the fourth baron of the Joseon Dynasty and creator of the Korean rudiment, Hangul. [ 4 ] The city was formed by combining Yeongi County, the county of South Chungcheong Province from which the majority of the city ‘s territory was ceded, and other counties .

history [edit ]

In 2003, then-President Roh Moo-hyun sought to relocate the national capital of South Korea from the metropolitan city of Seoul to a newly multifunctional administrative city in the center of the area. The finish was to reduce the influence and authority of Seoul on national government and economics, whilst promoting the regional exploitation of early areas of the state. [ 5 ] According to the former Interior Minister Maeng Hyung-gyu in 2012, “ Sejong is a symbol of the country ‘s efforts toward more balanced regional development, ” helping to decongest Seoul and spur investment in the country ‘s cardinal area. In October 2004, the Constitutional Court dealt a reverse to President Roh ‘s plans, ruling that the capital must remain in Seoul in response to a complaint filed by the chief resistance, the conservative Grand National Party ( immediately Liberty Korea Party ). As such, the Roh administration was forced to modify the visualize to relocate the majority of government ministries and institutions to Sejong, which would become a particular administrative city alternatively of a new capital. The revise plan was approved by the National Assembly in March 2005. Challenges to the new design were rejected by the Constitutional Court in November 2005. [ 5 ] When the Grand National Party retook the presidential office in 2008, then-President Lee Myung-bak opposed the idea of moving politics agencies, claiming that it would hurt Seoul ‘s ball-shaped competitiveness and consequence in inefficiency. [ 5 ] Following Lee ‘s directions, plans were made to make Sejong an industrial, science and education hub rather. This design was opposed by many, including Roh ‘s allies and some members of the rule Grand National Party, including Lee ‘s arch-rival and eventual successor, Park Geun-hye. Defeat in the mid-2010 local elections forced Lee to present his proposal to the National Assembly where it was voted down. In July 2012, Sejong Special Self-Governing City was created by combining all of Yeongi County, three townships of Gongju [ 6 ] and one township of Cheongwon County. In April 2013, the city government of Putrajaya, Malaysia signed a letter of intent ( LOI ) with the government of Sejong City to mark cooperation between the two plan capitals. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] As of 2019, 12 ministries were relocated to the city. [ 9 ] As such, entirely 5 ministries continue to remain in Seoul ; the Ministry Of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Unification, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of National Defense, and Ministry of Gender Equality and Family. [ 10 ] Sejong was specifically designed to be a “ smart city “, and is sometimes referred to as Sejong smart city. It is the leading smart city in Korea, and is often held up as the standard for early cities experimenting with the development of smart city infrastructure. [ 11 ] By 2019, there was disagreement among experts as to whether Sejong had “ lived up to expectations. … Sejong uses its newfangled development to marketplace itself as an option to Seoul, offering luxury support at a fraction of the cost. It boasts bright state-of-the-art condominiums, ample public k space and chic and sustainable city technical school, like automated trash collection and zero-waste food administration, electric car charge and sharing stations, solar-powered buildings, interactional digital signage, closed-circuit television receiver security and fine dust hand brake alerts. [ It ] has sparked criticism that the new city is not only excessively lackluster to draw residents off from Seoul, but besides difficult to access and ill designed. ” [ 12 ]

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geography [edit ]

Sejong is surrounded by the two provinces of Chungcheongnam-do, and Chungcheongbuk-do, ampere well as the metropolitan city of Daejeon. It is about 121 kilometres ( 75 secret intelligence service ) south from Seoul. [ 13 ]

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cityscape [edit ]

As of 2012 much of the city was under construction. The residential sphere, by 2012, had several high-rises built for transferees. At that time the residential area was cordoned off from much of the under-development governmental area and had some restaurants, six schools, and one grocery store store. [ citation needed ]

administrative divisions [edit ]

The 10 haengjeong-dong and Jochiwon-eup is the city chief urban center. Sejong is divided into 12 haengjeong-dong ( administrative neighborhood ), 1 eup ( town ) and 9 myeon ( townships ) .

Notes
  • There are no Hanja for Hansol, Dodam, Areum, Goun, Boram, Serom, Sodam, Dajeong, or Haemil as they are native Korean words.

population and demographics [edit ]

The city aimed to have a population of 200,000 in 2012, 300,000 by 2020 and 500,000 by 2030. [ 14 ] As of 2017, Sejong had a population of 281,120. [ 15 ] As of 2018, Sejong had a higher proportion of children compared to the confederacy korean average. [ 16 ] As of June 30, 2020, Sejong has a population of 351,007. [ 17 ]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 97,357 —    
1990 90,502 −0.73%
2000 80,031 −1.22%
2010 81,447 +0.18%
2015 204,088 +20.17%
2020 353,933 +11.64%
Source: Citypopulation[18]

religion [edit ]

Government and infrastructure [edit ]

Government Complex Sejong The south korean politics plans to move 36 government ministries and agencies to Sejong City. [ 13 ]

Government Complex Sejong is located in Sejong City. The complex, on a 213,000-square-metre ( 2,290,000 sq foot ) plot of nation, has seven stories and one basement. construction began in November 2011 in what was South Chungcheong Province, and the complex was completed on November 16, 2013. The ceremony to mark the motion of respective government agencies to the complex occurred on December 23, 2013. [ 19 ] Government Complex Sejong includes the head offices of :
several MOLIT agencies, the Korea Office of Civil Aviation ( KOCA ), the korean Maritime Safety Tribunal ( KMST ), and the Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board ( ARAIB ), have their headquarters in Government Complex Sejong. [ 24 ]

culture [edit ]

Sejong Lake Park was completed in March 2013 and has diverse composition facilities in the ballpark, including the public square spring. The size is 705,768m2 and the lake area is 322,800m2. [ 25 ] The National Sejong Arboretum is the foremost urban arboretum in Korea and the largest indoor arboretum in Korea. There are 1.72 million plants of 2834 species available. There is an admission fee of 5,000 won for adults. [ 26 ]

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educational facilities [edit ]

Universities
senior high schools
+ Areum High School + Dodam High School

transportation system [edit ]

Air [edit ]

Sejong is served by Cheongju International Airport in Cheongju, the nearest airport to Sejong .

National railway [edit ]

Sejong is centrally located on Gyeongbu Line operated by Korail. It ‘s a 90-minute travel on the Mugunghwa-ho to Seoul and trains run approximately every 30 minutes. Located just outside Jochiwon-eup limits in Osong, Cheongwon has a KTX post named Osong Station which is a Korea Train Express bullet train that frequently travels 300 kilometers per hour ( 190 miles per hour ). Osong station opened in 2010. There has besides been some argue concerning opening another KTX station within the newfangled Sejong City close to the bus terminal to the confederacy .

Daejeon metro Line 1 [edit ]

In April 2019, a feasibility report was completed and approved an reference of Daejeon Metro Line 1 from Banseok station in Daejeon, accessing the southerly bus terminal in Sejong, and ending at the Government Complex Sejong. Of the five new stations that are set to open over the raw 14 kilometer of tracks, four of which will be in Sejong. opening is tentatively set for 2029. [ 29 ]

In popular culture [edit ]

The 2015 tvN television series Let’s Eat 2 was based in Sejong. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] [ 32 ] During the month of April, versatile Sejong Spring Festival festivals will be held in versatile places in the city such as red blossoms, peach blossoms, and flower arrangements. Open the 7th cerise flower festival. On the 14th, we will hold the ‘Daehwangang and Ewha Rangwang Hanmadang ‘ on the subject of yellowish pink blossoms and flower blossoms. The 2018 Peace Spring Flower Festival of the Sejong Restoration Center will be held under the sponsorship of the Jochiwon, Peach Festival Promotion Committee. It was prepared as a five-sensory satisfaction broadcast to enjoy and enjoy nature such as yellowish pink flower, pear flower, rape flower, and to escape from the performance-oriented festival method. [ 33 ]

gallery [edit ]

References [edit ]

far read [edit ]

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