Bhumibol Adulyadej, besides called Phumiphon Adunlayadet or Rama IX, ( bear December 5, 1927, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.—died October 13, 2016, Bangkok, Thailand ), one-ninth king of the Chakkri dynasty ( 1950–2016 ), which has ruled or reigned in Thailand from 1782, and Thailand ’ s longest-serving sovereign.

He was a grandson of King Chulalongkorn and was born while his father, Prince Mahidol of Songkhla, was studying at Harvard University. His older brother, Ananda Mahidol, became king in 1935, but on June 9, 1946, Ananda was found dead in his bed of a gunfire injure. Bhumibol immediately succeeded to the throne following Ananda ’ s cryptic death ( the circumstances of which were never explained ). He married a distant cousin, Sirikit Kitiyakara, in April 1950 and was formally crowned on May 5, 1950 .
Close-up of terracotta Soldiers in trenches, Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China
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The absolute monarchy was abolished in Thailand during the reign of King Prajadhipok as a result of the revolution of 1932. King Bhumibol, consequently, wielded small real political power, although the constitution named him as head of state and air force officer of the armed forces. His most significant function was to serve as a populate symbol of and a focus of one for the Thai state. As monarch, Bhumibol enjoyed huge popularity. He led an active ceremonial biography and, despite his limited governmental powers, on respective occasions played a crucial function in mediations that either resolved or helped to avoid political crisis. One of those instances came in 1973 when democratic protests against the dictatorships of Generals Thanom Kittikachorn and Praphas Charusathien were viciously suppressed by the military, and many demonstrators died. Bhumibol responded by persuading the generals to give up baron. In 1992, after a military military junta had toppled the Thai government and army head Suchinda Kraprayoon assumed the choice ministership, mass protests again ensued and again were met with violence. Bhumibol intervened, summoning Suchinda and opposition leader Chamlong Srimuang to a telecast meet, during which the baron called for the violence to end. Suchinda subsequently resigned, and a caretaker government was installed until newfangled elections could be held.

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National celebrations were held in Thailand in June 2006 to mark the sixtieth anniversary of King Bhumibol Adulyadej ’ s ascent to the toilet. Days before the Diamond Jubilee began, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan presented the UN ’ s first Human Development Lifetime Achievement Award to Bhumibol at a ceremony in Bangkok. In September 2006 Bhumibol faced a newly crisis after opposition parties boycotted elections called by the prime minister, Thaksin Shinawatra. The constitutional Court invalidated the results, and on September 19, before newly elections could be held, the Thai military engineered a coup while Thaksin was out of the country. It was widely assumed that Thaksin had fallen out of favor with Bhumibol, who cursorily endorsed the coup d’etat leader and gave royal assent to an interim prime minister ’ s cabinet .Bhumibol AdulyadejBhumibol Adulyadej A supporter of Thailand ‘s King Bhumibol Adulyadej holding up his picture at a rally in Bangkok to commemorate the king ‘s eighty-fifth birthday, 2012 .Wason Wanichakorn/APsmall thistle

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Concerns about the king ’ s health began to mount in September 2009 after he was hospitalized for pneumonia. In May 2014 he endorsed the military politics that took power after the ouster of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, but by this clock his public appearances had become army for the liberation of rwanda less frequent. Bhumibol ’ s designated successor to the toilet was his alone son, Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn. Vajiralongkorn was proclaimed king on December 1, 2016, more than a month after his father ’ mho death, but his official coronation was not scheduled to take place until after Bhumibol ’ second cremation on October 26, 2017.

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