italian scoter
This article is about the Vespa line of scooters. For other uses, see Vespa ( disambiguation )
classical Vespas in Perth, Western Australia

authoritative Vespa sound ( 43 seconds ) Vespa ( italian pronunciation : [ ˈvɛspa ] ) is an italian luxury sword of motor scooter manufactured by Piaggio. The name means wasp in italian. The Vespa has evolved from a single model motive water scooter manufactured in 1946 by Piaggio & Co. S.p.A. of Pontedera, Italy to a full line of scooters and one of seven companies today owned by Piaggio. [ 1 ] From their origin, Vespa scooters have been known for their painted, pressed steel unibody which combines, in a unite structural unit, a complete hood for the engine ( enclosing the locomotive mechanism and concealing dirt or grease ), a two-dimensional floorboard ( providing foundation protection ), and a big front fair ( providing wind security ) .

history [edit ]

After World War II, in light of its agreement to cease war activities with the Allies, Italy had its aircraft diligence hard restricted in both capability and capability. Piaggio emerged from the conflict with its Pontedera bomber plane plant demolished by bombing. Italy ‘s crippled economy, and the black state of its roads, were not immediately conducive to the re-development of the automobile market. Enrico Piaggio, the son of Piaggio ‘s founder Rinaldo Piaggio, decided to leave the aeronautical discipline in order to address Italy ‘s pressing necessitate for a modern and low-cost mode of department of transportation for the masses .

design [edit ]

Piaggio MP5 “ Paperino ”, the initial Piaggio prototype In 1944, Piaggio engineers Renzo Spolti and Vittorio Casini designed a motorbike with bodywork fully enclosing the drivetrain and forming a tall splash guard at the front. In accession to the bodywork, the design included handlebar-mounted controls, forced air cool, wheels of little diameter, and a tall cardinal section that had to be straddled. formally known as the MP5 ( “ Moto Piaggio no. 5 ” ), the prototype was nicknamed “ Paperino ” ( meaning “ Donald Duck ” in italian ). [ 2 ] Piaggio was displeased with the MP5, specially the grandiloquent central section. He contracted aeronautical engineer Corradino D’Ascanio, to redesign the iceboat. [ 2 ] D’Ascanio, who had earlier been consulted by Ferdinando Innocenti about scooter design and manufacture, made it immediately known that he hated motorcycles, believing them to be bulky, dirty, and undependable. [ 3 ] D’Ascanio ‘s MP6 prototype had its engine mounted beside the rear wheel. The steering wheel was driven directly from the transmission, eliminating the drive chain and the oil and dirt associated with it. The prototype had a unit spar frame with stress-bearing steel out panels. [ 3 ] These changes allowed the MP6 to have a step-through design alternatively of a tall center section like that of the MP5 Paperino. The MP6 design besides included a single-sided front suspension, exchangeable front and rear wheels mounted on butt axles, and a bare rack. other features of the MP6 were like to those on the Paperino, including the handlebar-mounted controls and the envelop bodywork with the tall movement spatter guard. [ 2 ] Upon seeing the MP6 for the first time, Enrico Piaggio exclaimed : “ Sembra una vespa ! ” ( “ It looks like a wasp ! ” ) Piaggio efficaciously named his newly water scooter on the spot. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Vespa is both Latin and Italian for wasp—derived from the vehicle ‘s torso shape : the thick rear share connected to the front separate by a narrow shank, and the steer rod resembled antenna .

product [edit ]

On 23 April 1946, at 12 o’clock in the central office for inventions, models and makes of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce in Florence, Piaggio e C. S.p.A. took out a patent for a “ motorbike of a rational complexity of organs and elements combined with a frame with mudguards and a casing covering the whole mechanical region ”. [ 5 ] The basic patent design allowed a series of features to be deployed on the spar-frame that would late allow quick development of modern models. The original Vespa featured a rear pillion seat for a passenger, or optionally a storage compartment. The original front protection “ shield ” was a flat piece of aero metallic element ; late, this developed into a duplicate peel to allow extra memory behind the presence carapace, like to the glove compartment in a car. The fuel cap was located underneath the ( hinged ) seat, which saved the monetary value of an extra lock on the fuel hood or need for extra metallic element employment on the polish skin. The iceboat had inflexible rise suspension and small 8-inch ( 200 millimeter ) wheels that allowed a compendious invention and enough of room for the rider ‘s leg. The Vespa ‘s enclosed, horizontally mounted 98 two hundred two-stroke engine acted directly on the rise drive bicycle through a three-speed transmission. The twistgrip -controlled gear change involved a system of rods. The early engine had no forced-air cooling system, but fan blades were soon attached to the magneto -flywheel ( which houses the points and generates electricity for accessories and for the engine ‘s spark ) to push air out over the cylinder ‘s cool fins. The modern Vespa engine is still cooled this means. The MP6 prototype had large grilles on the front and rear of the rise buffer covering the engine. This was done to allow air out in to cool the engine, as the prototype did not have sports fan cooling. A cooling winnow exchangeable to that used on the MP5 “ Paperino ” prototype was included in the blueprint of the production Vespa, and the grilles were removed from the buffer. [ 2 ]

launch [edit ]

Piaggio filed a patent for the Vespa iceboat plan in April 1946. The application documents referred to a “ model of a practical nature ” for a “ motorcycle with rationally placed parts and elements with a frame combining with mudguards and engine-cowling covering all working parts ”, of which “ the unharmed constitutes a intellectual, comfortable motorbike offering protection from mud and dust without jeopardizing requirements of appearance and elegance ”. The patent was approved the following December. The inaugural 13 examples appeared in give 1946, and revealed their aeronautical setting. In the first examples, one can recognize the typical aircraft technology. Attention to aerodynamics is discernible in all the invention, in particular on the stern. It was besides one of the first gear vehicles to use monocoque construction ( where the body is an built-in part of the chassis ). The company was aiming to manufacture the newly Vespa in large numbers, and their longstanding industrial have led to an effective Ford-style volume production tune. The scoter was presented to the crusade at Rome Golf Club, where journalists were obviously mystified by the strange, pastel coloured, toy-like object on display. however, the road tests were encouraging, and even with no rear suspension the machine was more maneuverable and comfortable to ride than a traditional motorbike. Following its populace debut at the 1946 Milan Fair, the first fifty sold slowly. With the insertion of payment by installments, sales took off .

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Sales and development [edit ]

master Vespa with attached sidecar Piaggio sold some 2,500 Vespas in 1947, over 10,000 in 1948, 20,000 in 1949, and over 60,000 in 1950. [ 6 ] The biggest sales promo ever was Hollywood. In 1952, Audrey Hepburn side-saddled Gregory Peck ‘s Vespa in the feature film Roman Holiday for a tease through Rome, resulting in over 100,000 sales. In 1956, John Wayne dismounted his knight in favor of the two-wheel to in the first place get between takes on sets. [ 7 ] arsenic well as Marlon Brando, Dean Martin, and the entertainer Abbe Lane had become Vespa owners. William Wyler filmed Ben Hur in Rome in 1959, allowing Charlton Heston to abandon sawhorse and chariot between takes to take a spin on the Vespa. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Vespa clubs popped up throughout Europe, and by 1952, worldwide Vespa Club membership had surpassed 50,000. By the mid-1950s, Vespas were being manufactured under license in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Belgium and Spain ; in the 1960s, production was started in India, Brazil and Indonesia. By 1956, one million had been sold, then two million by 1960. By the 1960s, the Vespa—originally conceived as a utility program vehicle—had come to symbolize freedom and imagination, and resulted in foster sales boosts : four million by 1970, and ten million by the late 1980s. Improvements were made to the original design and newfangled models were introduced. The 1948 Vespa 125 had rear suspension and a bigger engine. The headlight was moved up to the handlebars in 1953 and had more locomotive baron and a restyled raise fair. A cheaper spartan adaptation was besides available. One of the favored models was the Vespa 150 GS introduced in 1955 with a 150 two hundred engine, a long saddle, and the fair handlebar-headlamp unit. then came the 50 two hundred of 1963, and in 1968 Vespa 125 Primavera became one of the most durable of all .
T5 Millennium from the PX series Vespas came in two sizes, referred to as “ largeframe ” and “ smallframe ”. The smallframe scooters came in 50 milliliter, 90 two hundred, 100 milliliter, and 125 milliliter versions, all using an engine derived from the 50 milliliter model of 1963, and the largeframe scooters in 125 two hundred, 150 two hundred, 160 milliliter, 180 milliliter, and 200 milliliter displacements using engines derived from the redesign 125 milliliter VNA engine from 1957. The largeframe Vespa evolved into the PX crop in the deep 1970s and was produced in 125, 150 and 200 milliliter versions until July 2007. Starting in 1981, an 80cc adaptation was available a well. Piaggio reintroduced the PX 125 and 150 models in 2011, with a revised EURO3 compliant locomotive. The smallframe evolved into the PK range in the early 1980s, although some vintage-styled smallframes were produced for the japanese market ampere late as the mid-1990s .

1950s and beyond [edit ]

The ET model crop stuck on-key to the wasp/aero design principles. It was lighter, more aerodynamic, had an automatic gearbox and could take a series of engines from a 50 milliliter in either two-stroke or four-stroke, up to a 150 two hundred four stroke. [ 10 ]

Under fresh ownership [edit ]

In 1959 Piaggio came under the control of the Agnelli family, the owners of car manufacturer Fiat S.p.A. Vespa thrived until 1992 when Giovanni Alberto Agnelli became CEO, but Agnelli was already suffering from cancer and died in 1997. In 1999 Morgan Grenfell Private Equity acquired Piaggio, but a cursorily anticipated sale was dashed by a fail joint venture in China. By 2003, the ship’s company found itself close to bankruptcy. continual management changes and big sums spent on many different plans and products had saddled Piaggio with debt and left it vulnerable to rival from cheaper asian rivals. Despite this, the stigmatize was still well-known and products like the Vespa ET4 were gaining positive promotion. In October 2003 Roberto Colaninno made an initial investment of €100 million through his holding company Immsi S.p.A. in exchange for just under a one-third of Piaggio and the mandate to run it. Chief administrator Rocco Sabelli redesigned the factory to japanese principles so that every Piaggio water scooter could be made on any assembly line. In 2004, the company introduced a gas-electric hybrid scooter and a scoter with two wheels at the front and one at the back. Piaggio acquired scooter and motorbike manufacturer Aprilia in 2006 and in that same class Piaggio shares were launched onto the Borsa Italiana with the list symbol PIAGF .

Re-entry to North America [edit ]

Piaggio first base came back into the market in 2001 with the ET2 ( two stroke 50 two hundred ) and ET4 ( four stroke 150 two hundred ). In 2004, the PX ( model year 2005 ) was reintroduce to North America to meet market need for the authoritative Vespa design. Growth in the US market and cosmopolitan environmental concerns meant a indigence for larger and cleaner engines, so Vespa developed the LEADER ( Low Emissions ADvanced Engine Range ) serial of four-stroke engines. The larger Granturismo frame, with larger 12-inch ( 300 millimeter ) wheels, was introduced to handle the extra office. The bicycle in 2006 spawned the iconic GTS-250ie version, with an upgrade abeyance and the newfangled QUASAR ( QUArter-liter Smooth Augmented Range ) 250 milliliter fuel-injected engine, able of 80+ miles per hour. As of the end of 2010 the GTS 250 has been replaced by the GTS 300 which has a 278cc fuel – injected engine. In 2005, the ET was withdrawn from Europe and North America and replaced by a newly small-frame water scooter, the LX range. These were available in the US in 50 two hundred and 150 two hundred versions, while Europeans could choose a 50 two hundred, 125 two hundred and 150 milliliter .

Design picture [edit ]

Modified Vespa as popular in the mods skinhead culture In recent years, many urban commuters have purchased newly or restored Vespas. A deficit of available park for automobiles in big urban areas and the Vespa ‘s first gear scat costs are two reasons for the increase in Vespa ( and other iceboat ) popularity. The cultural use of the iceboat as a amateur vehicle with a sub-cultural follow in the US/Canada and parts of Europe & Japan has besides contributed to the rise in Vespa possession. In contrast, the Vespa is considered a utilitarian vehicle for hauling products and sometimes improving to 5 kin members in much of Asia and Mexico. This revival in interest in vintage motor scooters has besides spawned a iceboat renovation diligence, with many restored Vespas being exported from Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia to the pillow of the world. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] [ 13 ] There is a Piaggio Museum & Gift Shop adjacent to the plant in cardinal Pontedera, near Pisa, Tuscany. The permanent exhibition includes those items which toured venues such as the Guggenheim in New York and the Centre Pompidou in Paris. besides on display is a model personally customised by Salvador Dalí in 1962. The Miami Auto Museum in North Miami, Florida claims to have largest solicitation of Vespa scooters with over 400 items. [ 14 ]

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global markets [edit ]

Europe [edit ]

Vespa ‘s largest market by all measures globally is still Italy, but as a leave of the Mod subculture that developed in the 1960s, the United Kingdom is still Vespa ‘s second largest ball-shaped market—and at one point in the 1960s, its largest. The appeal of the Vespa to the style-conscious mods was the weather protection. Their counterparts, the rockers rode classic british motorcycles such as Triumph Bonneville and BSAs, and needed to wear leathers against the elements. Mods would modify their Vespas, adding lights, mascots, accessories, assorted racks and crash bars. A new life style evolved in the UK, with thousands attending iceboat rallies. The laterality of the Vespa declined through the 1970s, as little car ownership increased and cheap and reliable commuter bikes like the Honda Super Cub hit sales. Despite the presentation of the more modern ‘ P ‘ range in the 1970s, the lack of development cost Vespa, and like other markets, the sales fell off drastically in the economic boom of the 1980s. then Vespa introduced the trendy automatic ET2, the city of London introduced the congestion charge and—partly with celebrity chef Jamie Oliver ‘s indirect help from his BBC2 television series—sales suddenly leapt. [ 15 ]

North America [edit ]

much as Vespa had used the Cushman Army motor scooter as inspiration for its original design, Vespa in turn made scooters for Sears, Roebuck & Company ( labeled and marketed as “ Allstate ” scooters ) and Cushman after World War II. [ 16 ] Imported by Morton Colby of Colby General Tire Company, 662 East Fordham Road, Bronx, New York, the Sears models were 3- and 4-speed 125 milliliter Vespas rebadged as Sears Allstate Cruiseaires. Innocenti besides distributed their Lambretta sword via Montgomery Ward ‘s catalog during this post-World War II period. These were the premier brands of scooters, bringing premium price to many, including farmers, whose link to the external worldly concern was via purchases made in these catalogues. Cushman sold rebadged Vespa scooters as Cushmans, but many Cushman dealers refused to market a “ alien ” machine. however, collectors prize the Cushman Vespa because it is relatively rare. Two expensive product-liability lawsuits, increased rival from japanese scooters, and certain states ‘ passing alleged “ green laws ” led to the bankruptcy of Vespa ‘s american importer and the coitus interruptus of Vespa from the US market in belated 1981. During 1981–2001, despite an absence of United States domestic sales, Vespas continued to have a core group of enthusiasts who kept vintage scooters on the road by rebuilding, restoring, and adding performance-enhancing locomotive parts as the banal parts would wear out. Vespa returned to the american english marketplace in 2001 with a raw, more advanced style ET series, in 50 milliliter two and four stroke, and 150 milliliter four-stroke. “ These adjustments in engine power and the production of high-end “ touring ” Vespas make it apt for long-distance drive. ” [ 17 ] According to the Motorcycle Industry Council, U.S. iceboat sales increased quintuple over six years, swelling from 12,000 units in 1997 to 69,000 units in 2002. Vespa sales in the U.S. increased 27 percentage between 2001 and 2002. The 65 “ Vespa Boutiques ” scattered throughout the U.S. gave scooterists a identify to buy, service, and customize Vespa scooters, and outfit themselves in everything from Vespa watches and helmets to Vespa jackets, T-shirts, and sunglasses. Vespa restarted its american sales feat, opening its beginning boutique on Ventura Boulevard in Sherman Oaks, California. In fall of vastly-increasing US sales, Vespa developed the GT, offered as a 200 two hundred four-stroke and a 125 two hundred version in Europe. In 2004, Vespa reintroduced a modernized PX 150 to the United States. In the fall of 2005, Piaggio offered their largest-selling Vespa scooter ever, the 250 cc-engined GTS250, available in Europe with ABS. In 2009, Vespa released the GTS 300 which can cruise at 105–113 kilometers per hour ( 65–70 miles per hour ). [ 18 ] Vespa have exported Scooters to Australia since the 1960s. They have recently started exporting to India for the beginning time ( traditionally, that commercialize was served by accredited indian versions of the Vespa made by LML and Bajaj ). Vespa produces some of its scooters in Vietnam, and has besides sold its italian ones there. [ 19 ]

product outside Italy [edit ]

Bangkok : Vespa in use to haul cargo Vespa scooters were sold beyond Europe and North America. When expanding into these markets it was common for Vespa to partner with, or license certain models to, existing manufacturers .

India [edit ]

Piaggio first licensed the output of Vespa scooters in India to Bajaj Auto in the 1960s. In 1971, Piaggio ‘s license was not renewed as a part of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ‘s denationalization programs. After the collaboration ended, Bajaj continued to produce scooters based on the Vespa blueprint, namely the Chetak. Another Vespa spouse in India was that of LML Motors. Beginning as a joint-venture with Piaggio in 1983, LML, in addition to being a bombastic parts supplier for Piaggio, produced the P-Series scooters for the indian grocery store. In 1999, after protracted dispute with Piaggio, LML bought back Piaggio ‘s post in the company and the partnership ceased. LML continued to produce ( and besides exported ) the P-Series random variable known as the Stella in the U.S. market and by other names in unlike markets. LML Factory which produced these P-Series variants issued a poster of insolvency on 2 June 2017 and closed polish permanently in 2018. In the 2012 Auto Expo held in New Delhi, the iconic Vespa re-entered the indian market. Piaggio unveiled its roll of scooters at the Expo. This became the first such venture of Piaggio in India without a local partner. [ 20 ]

indonesia [edit ]

Danmotor Vespa Indonesia ( DMVI ) was a joint venture between indonesian interests and the East Asiatic Company, which was based in Denmark. Between 1972 and 2001, it produced Vespas under license for the indonesian market. [ 21 ] [ 22 ] In 1976 approximately 40,000 units were produced giving DMVI the third biggest parcel of the indonesian scoter market. Government tax incentives allowed these scooters to be exported to Thailand at less than the domestic market monetary value, so that they would be economically competitive. [ 23 ] DMVI lone built 90 and 150cc models. From 1972 onwards the company was located at a purpose-built factory in Pulo Gadung. This was greatly expanded in 1977 to besides manufacture sub-components, following a government decree that a higher domestically-built proportion of these should be used. Sub-components were besides bought from other indonesian manufacturers after their quality had been approved by Piaggio. [ 24 ]

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Taiwan [edit ]

Vespa has had respective partnerships and presence in Taiwan. In 1965, Taiwan Vespa Co. Ltd was licensed for Vespa scooter product. From 1972 to 1982, Vespa entered into a collaboration with scooter manufacturer PGO. In 1978, Vespa entered into a collaboration with TGB, which to some extent, continues to this day ( namely with CVT transmission production ) .

United Kingdom [edit ]

In 1951, the financially disruptive motorbike manufacturer Douglas started production of Piaggio licensed Vespa scooters in Bristol, with a market to include some Commonwealth countries equally well as the UK. It was a year which besides saw the first meet of the newly-formed Vespa motor scooter clubs with closely 20,000 riders showing up for the consequence. [ 25 ] Westinghouse took over Douglas in 1955, and while motorbike production was stopped in 1957, Vespa production in Britain continued until 1965. [ 26 ] Douglas was more than a simple assembly establish for parts imported from Piaggio ; many of the models made by Douglas had a high percentage of capacity manufactured by Douglas ( eg cylinder heads, gear clusters, brake drums and other mechanical parts ) or by UK provide companies ( eg seats, carburetors, tyres, and some electrical components were made in the UK ). Models made by Douglas were chiefly the Vespa 125 and 150 ( VBB ). [ 26 ] Douglas produced Vespas which were frequently outdated compared to stream italian models. Douglas failed to meet the output numbers hoped for by Piaggio, though after output ceased in 1965, Douglas remained the UK importer for Vespa scooters until its death in 1982. [ 26 ]

Spain [edit ]

In 1953 a factory in Madrid began production of Motovespas, production continued until 2000. The factory was demolished in 2001 .

Soviet Union [edit ]

between 1956 and 1966 an unauthorized, reverse-engineered version of the Vespa was built and sold in the USSR by Vyatka. This was retire after protests by Piaggio. [ 27 ]

Racing [edit ]

In the 1950s and early 1960s, Vespa and Lambretta scooters were raced competitively against motorcycles, often winning the races. In the mid-1960s, motorbike engines became larger and faster, and a opening was created—along with varying two hundred classifications. Since the 1980s, Vespa and Lambretta race has grown into a serious mutant in the United States. There are diverse classes in the United States, depending on the race association. They are by and large :

  • Small Frame Class: Open class up to 152 cc
  • Automatics Class
  • Specials Class

Models [edit ]

There have been 34 unlike versions of the Vespa. Today five series are in production : the classic manual transmission PX and the modern CVT transmission S, LX, GT, and GTS .
1969 Vespa Rally 180 1963 VBB Standard 150 1963 Vespa 150 GL vintage Vespa AutoExpo, Delhi, India

Historic [edit ]

holocene [edit ]

  • ET2 50 – 2-stroke

2005 PX model with Headlight grill 2005 PX 200 mannequin with Headlight grill

  • ET4 50 – 4-stroke
  • ET4 125 (Euro Model)
  • ET4 150 (Euro Model)
  • ET4 150 (US model)
  • ET8 150 (Eastern model)
  • GT 125 (Granturismo 125)
  • GT 200 (Granturismo 200)
  • GTS 250ie
  • GTS 250 Super – Only briefly sold in the US where the 278cc engine as used in the 300 Super had not yet been approved for use. Quickly replaced by the GTS 300 Super.
  • PX 125
  • PX 150 (reintroduced to US and Canadian Markets in 2004)
  • PX 200
  • PL 170

current [edit ]

2013 Vespa LX150

  • LX 50
  • LX 125
  • LX 150
  • LXV 50 (65th anniversary variant of LX50)
  • LXV 125 (65th anniversary variant of LX125)
  • LXV 150 i.e.
  • GT 60° 250 cc Limited Edition. 999 produced worldwide in unique colours and each one receiving a commemorative badge, personalized with the owner’s initials. Features the front-fender-mounted headlight, shared only with the GTV 250.
  • GTS 125
  • GTS 150
  • GTS 250ie
  • GTS 250 i.e. abs
  • GTS 300 (2010)
  • GTS 300 Super (2008)
  • GTV 125 (65th anniversary variant of GTS 125)
  • GT 60 (60th anniversary limited run variant of GTS 250) Features the fender mounted headlight as a tribute to the original Vespas.
  • GTV 250 Standard model based on the GTS250ie. Physically similar to the GT60, but available in a choice of colours.
  • GTV 300ie
  • PX 30 125 (A limited edition, only 1000 produced to celebrate the 30 years of the P range[28])
  • New PX 2011 150 (and later also 125); not just a limited edition: in 2011 the PX series restarted to be produced in Italy after a 3-year absence because of the European Union restriction about Euro III engines emissions not followed. In occasion of the 150th anniversary of Italian union, Piaggio has proposed this special version, with a re-designed saddle but with the same “Vespa experience”.[29]
  • S 50 and S 125 new model 2007, introduced at Milan Motorshow November 2006
  • S 150 (2008)
  • Zafferano 50 cc and 125 cc (A limited edition, only 200 produced)[30]
  • Vespa Primavera 50 / 125 (Starting in 2014, this will be the current model and replacing the LX)
  • Vespa Sprint 50 / 125 (Starting in 2014, this will be the current model and replacing the S)

Vespa 946 [edit ]

Vespa 946 The Vespa 946 is a iceboat announced by Piaggio, to be sold under their Vespa post starting in July 2013. Piaggio presented the retro-futurist Vespa Quarantasei concept, based on the 1945 Vespa MP6 prototype, at the 2011 EICMA motorbike show. The final output version, renamed the Vespa 946, appeared the follow year, at EICMA 2012. The 946 will be fitted with Piaggio ‘s new air-cooled, three-valve, single-cylinder locomotive, with a claim output signal of 11.7 horsepower ( 8.7 kilowatt ) for the 125 milliliter ( 7.6 copper in ) shift version, and 13 horsepower ( 9.7 kilowatt ) for the 150 milliliter ( 9.2 copper in ) adaptation. [ 31 ] [ 32 ] [ 33 ]

Electric vehicles [edit ]

Electric Vespa Electrica in Madrid, Spain Vespa Elettrica with a 2 kilowatt battery and a range of 100 km ( 62 secret intelligence service ). [ 34 ] There will be an hybrid option as well with a range of 200 kilometer. Piaggio started production in September 2018 and it was released at the begin of 2019. [ 35 ]

Hybrids [edit ]

Piaggio/Vespa is developing a range of hybrid scooters. Two models are being developed at portray, based on the Vespa LX 50 and the Piaggio X8 125. [ 36 ]

Specials [edit ]

One-offs and particular machines :

  • Montlhéry – produced in 1950 to break world records on the French circuit of the same name. It smashed 17 records in 10 hours
  • Torpedo – 1951 125 cc special with counter-opposing pistons. Dino Mazzoncini set the world record on the kilometre at an average of 171 km/h

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

Citations [edit ]

Sources [edit ]

  • Boni, Valeri. Vespa. Pub: Rizzoli International Publications, 1 Feb 2007. ISBN 0-8478-2936-7
  • Brockway, Eric. Vespa: An Illustrated History. Pub: Haynes Manuals Inc, 16 Aug 1999. ISBN 1-85960-443-9
  • Giorgio Sarti, Giorgio. 1946–2006: 60 Years of the Vespa. Pub: J H Haynes & Co Ltd, 29 June 2006. ISBN 1-84425-313-9
  • Jean Goyard, Jean & Soler, Bernard. The A–Z of Classic Scooters: The Illustrated Guide to All Makes and Models. Pub: J H Haynes & Co Ltd, 18 Jan 2007. ISBN 1-84425-390-2
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