Lev Ivanovich Yashin ( russian : Лев Иванович Яшин ; 22 October 1929 – 20 March 1990 ), nicknamed the “ Black Spider “ or the “ Black Panther “, [ 2 ] [ 3 ] was a soviet professional football player regarded by many as the greatest goalkeeper in the history of the sport. [ 4 ] He was known for his athleticism, aligning, stature, courage, imposing presence in goal, and acrobatic reflex saves. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 8 ] He was besides deputy president of the Football Federation of the Soviet Union. Yashin earned condition for revolutionising the goalkeeping military position by imposing his assurance on the integral defense mechanism. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 9 ] A outspoken presence in goal, he shouted orders at his defenders, came off his line to intercept crosses and besides ran out to meet onrushing attackers, done at a time when goalkeepers spent the 90 minutes standing in the goal waiting to be called into action. [ 5 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] His performances made an indelible impression on a ball-shaped audience at the 1958 World Cup, the first gear to be broadcast internationally. He dressed head to toe in apparent black ( in truth very dark bluing ), [ 3 ] frankincense earning his dub the ‘Black Spider ‘, which enhanced his popularity. [ 5 ] [ 9 ]
Reading: Lev Yashin – Wikipedia
Yashin appeared in four World Cups from 1958 to 1970, and in 2002 was chosen on the FIFA Dream Team of the history of World Cups. In 1994, he was chosen for the FIFA World Cup All-Time Team, and in 1998 was chosen as a penis of the World team of the twentieth Century. According to FIFA, Yashin saved over 150 punishment kicks in professional football – more than any other goalkeeper. [ 11 ] [ 12 ] He besides kept over 270 clean sheets in his career, winning a gold decoration at the 1956 Olympic football tournament, [ 13 ] and the 1960 european Championships. [ 12 ] [ 14 ] In 1963, Yashin received the Ballon d’Or, the merely goalkeeper always to receive the award. [ 5 ] He was additionally named posthumously to the Ballon d’Or Dream Team in 2020, a greatest all-time eleven, and was voted the best goalkeeper of the twentieth century by the IFFHS. [ 15 ] In November 2003, to celebrate UEFA ‘s Jubilee, he was selected as the Golden Player of Russia by the Russian Football Union as their most great player of the by 50 years. [ 16 ]
early animation [edit ]
Yashin was born in Moscow to a family of industrial workers. When he was 12, World War II forced him to work in a factory to support the war attempt. however his health at the old age of 18 ( after he suffered a anxious dislocation ) meant he was unable to work. [ 3 ] [ 17 ] Thus, he was sent to work in a military factory in Moscow. After being spotted playing for the factory team he was invited to join the Dynamo Moscow youth team. [ 18 ]
Club career [edit ]
Yashin ’ s debut for Dynamo Moscow came in 1950 in a friendly match. It was not the debut he would have hoped for, as he conceded a soft goal scored straight from a headroom by the opposing keeper. That class he played in lone two league games, and did not appear in a aged match again until 1953. But he remained determined, and stayed at Dynamo in the reserves waiting for another opportunity. Yashin besides played goalkeeper for the Dynamo methamphetamine field hockey team during those early years of trying to break into the senior squad. He managed to win a USSR frost ice hockey cup in 1953 and was third in the USSR ice field hockey backing as goalkeeper. [ 19 ] He spent his stallion professional football career with Dynamo Moscow, from 1950 to 1970, winning the USSR football backing five times and the soviet Cup three times. [ 20 ] Yashin ‘s club teammate, rival and mentor was Alexei “ Tiger ” Khomich, the custodian of the Soviet national team, who had become celebrated for his character in Dynamo Moscow ’ s british tour. He besides internally rivaled goalkeeper Valter Sanaya, who left the club in 1953. [ 21 ]
International career [edit ]
Yashin in 1960 In 1954, Yashin was called up to the Soviet national team, and would go on to gather 78 caps. [ 22 ] With the home team he won the 1956 Summer Olympics ampere well as the foremost european championship, the 1960 european Nations ‘ Cup. [ 3 ] He besides played in three World Cups, in 1958, 1962 and 1966. [ 23 ] Yashin is credited with four clean sheets out of the 12 games he played in the World Cup finals. [ 3 ] The 1958 World Cup, played in Sweden, put Yashin on the map for his performances, with the Soviet Union advancing to the quarter-finals. [ 3 ] In a group phase match against the eventual Cup winners Brazil, the Soviet team lost 2–0. Facing a Brazil team that featured Garrincha and a 17 year honest-to-god Pelé in attack, Yashin ‘s performance prevented the sexual conquest from becoming a rout. [ 24 ] Yashin was nominated for Ballon d’Or in 1960 and 1961 and placed fifth and fourth, respectively. [ 25 ] In 1962, despite suffering two concussions during the tournament, he once again led the team to a quarter-final ending, before losing to host area Chile. [ 26 ] That tournament showed that Yashin was all excessively human, having made some uncharacteristic mistakes. In the bet on against Colombia, which the Soviet Union was leading 4–1, Yashin let in a few voiced goals, including a goal scored by Marcos Coll directly from a corner bang ( the first and the merely finish scored directly from a corner in FIFA World Cup history ). The game finished in a 4–4 bind, which led the french newspaper L’Équipe to predict the end of Yashin ‘s career. [ 8 ] He did, however, make an outstanding save against Chile in the quarter-final. Despite this, the Soviet Union suffered a 2–1 get the better of and were eliminated from the World Cup. [ 3 ] Despite the disappointment of the 1962 World Cup, Yashin would bounce binding to win the Ballon d’Or in December 1963. One of his best performances that year was the 1963 England v Rest of the World football match, where he made a count of dramatic saves. From that point ahead he was known to the world as the “ Black Spider ” because he wore a distinctive all-black outfit and because it seemed as though he had eight arms to save about everything. [ 5 ] [ 9 ] But to his fans, he was always the audacious “ Black Panther ”. [ 2 ] He often played wearing a fabric detonator of burnt-brick color. Yashin led the Soviet team to its best show at the FIFA World Cup, a fourth-place finish in the 1966 World Cup held in England. [ 3 ] Always ready to give advice to his comrades, Yashin tied made a fourth trip to the World Cup finals in 1970, held in Mexico, as the third-choice back-up and an adjunct coach. The soviet team again reached the quarter-finals. In 1971, in Moscow, he played his final match for Dynamo Moscow. Lev Yashin ‘s FIFA tribute equal was held at the Lenin Stadium in Moscow with 100,000 fans attending and a host of football stars, including Pelé, Eusébio and Franz Beckenbauer. [ 5 ]
Post-playing career [edit ]
After retiring from playing, Yashin spent about 20 years in versatile administrative positions at Dynamo Moscow. A bronze statue of Lev Yashin was erected at the Dynamo Stadium in Moscow. [ 27 ] In 1986, following a thrombophlebitis contracted while he was in Budapest, Yashin underwent the amputation of one of his legs. [ 27 ] He died in 1990 of stomach cancer, despite a surgical intervention in an attack to save his life sentence. He was given a state funeral as a soviet Honoured Master of Sport. [ 27 ] Yashin was survived by wife Valentina Timofeyevna and daughters Irina and Elena ; [ 1 ] when Russia hosted the 2018 FIFA World Cup, Valentina was still living in the Moscow apartment that the soviet country had given her conserve in 1964. [ 28 ] Yashin has one granddaughter and one surviving grandson ; another grandson died in 2002 at long time 14 from injuries suffered in a bicycle accident. [ 28 ] The surviving grandson, Vasili Frolov, played as a goalkeeper in Dynamo ‘s youth section and was on the books of the senior side, [ 29 ] but never played a game with the senior side, retiring from play at senesce 23. He immediately runs a goalkeeper coach school in Moscow near Spartak Moscow ‘s current stadium. [ 28 ]
expressive style of play and accolades [edit ]
“ Lev Yashin was excellent, a real super goalkeeper. His positional play was excellent, but everything he did was top-class. He was the model for goalkeeping for the future 10 to 15 years, without a doubt. I visualised myself doing some of the things he was doing, even though I was already playing in the top division I used to learn from him. ”
—England legend Gordon Banks, voted the second greatest goalkeeper, behind Yashin, of the twentieth Century. [ 7 ]
Yashin was “ the matchless goalkeeper of the hundred ” .
—Portugal legend Eusébio. [ 9 ] Considered by many in the mutant to be the greatest goalkeeper in the history of the crippled, [ 4 ] Yashin was an levy presence in goal ascribable to his improbable stature, and was highly regarded for his athleticism, agility, positional common sense, courage, and exceptional reflexes, which enabled him to produce acrobatic and spectacular saves. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 30 ] [ 31 ] Yashin remains the only goalkeeper to have won the Ballon d’Or, in 1963. [ 5 ] He besides stopped 151 penalty kicks during his career, more than any other goalkeeper in history, and kept over 270 blank sheets. [ 27 ] For his outstanding service to the people and to his area, Yashin was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1967, the highest award of the USSR. [ 5 ]
“ Yashin revolutionised the character of goalkeeper like no other before him, by constantly being ready to act as an excess defender ” and by “ starting dangerous counter-attacks with his position and quick throws ” .France Football, June 2018.
A vocal music and authoritative figure between the posts, Yashin is known for revolutionizing the goalkeeping placement : [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 9 ] he shouted orders at his defenders, came off his course to intercept crosses, and besides ran out to meet onrushing attackers, done at a clock when goalkeepers spent the 90 minutes standing in the goal waiting to be called into action. [ 5 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] Yashin would constantly organise the defensive game of his team, often so ferociously that even his wife accused him of yelling besides much on the gear. He rarely captained his teams, as the belated bear custom of appointing a goalkeeper captain was about unheard-of in that earned run average, but his leadership on the sphere was constantly discernible. Yashin was one of the goalkeepers who began the practice of punching balls out in difficult situations alternatively of trying to catch them. other novel practices he developed were the quick throw of the ball to begin a counterattack, coming out of the penalty area to anticipate risk, and the command and administration of the defenders – practices now quite park among goalkeepers. [ 5 ] When asked what his secret was, he would reply that the magic trick was “ to have a fastball to calm your nerves, then toss back a firm drink to tone your muscles. ” [ 11 ] [ 27 ] In 1994, FIFA established the Lev Yashin Award for the best goalkeeper at the World Cup finals. FIFA polls named Yashin as the exclusive goalkeeper in World Team of the twentieth Century. World Soccer magazine named him in their 100 Greatest Players of the twentieth hundred. many commentators consider Yashin the best goalkeeper in the history of football, which has resulted in him being chosen to be the goalkeeper in most of the world-all-time teams ( including the FIFA World Cup All-Time Team and the FIFA Dream Team ). [ 32 ] In 2020 Yashin was named in the Ballon d’Or Dream Team, a greatest all-time xi. [ 33 ]
bequest [edit ]
Yashin on a 2016 russian pigeonhole from the series “ Football Legends ” The take after works are devoted to Yashin :
Ice hockey career [edit ]
Yashin besides played ice ice hockey ( besides as a goalkeeper ) and he won the soviet Cup in March 1953. [ 3 ] He stopped playing ice ice hockey in 1954 to concentrate on his football career. [ 3 ]
Quotes [edit ]
“ What kind of a goalkeeper is the one who is not tormented by the goal he has allowed ? He must be tormented ! And if he is calm, that means the end. No matter what he had in the past, he has no future. ”Lev Yashin.
“ The gladden of seeing Yuri Gagarin flying in space is only superseded by the joy of a good penalty write. ”Lev Yashin.
“ There have only been two first goalkeepers. One was Lev Yashin, the other was the german male child who played for Manchester City. ”Lev Yashin on Bert Trautmann.
“ I am not the best goalkeeper in the world, it is Vladimir Beara. ”Lev Yashin, upon receiving the award for best player in 1963.
“ Yashin plays football better than me ” .Striker Sandro Mazzola after a 1963 Italy–USSR match, during which Yashin saved his penalty.
career statistics [edit ]
club [edit ]
|Dynamo Moscow||1950||Top League||2||0|
International [edit ]
other statistics [edit ]
Honours [edit ]
Ice ice hockey [edit ]
- Soviet Cup champions: 1953