1. BBC – Religions Archived 28 กรกฎาคม 2012 ที่ เวย์แบ็กแมชชีน Retrieved 25 July 2012
  2. Fasting ( Al Siyam ) –

    الصيام

    – p. 18, el Bahay el Kholi, 1998

  3. Islam, Andrew Egan – 2002 – p. 24
  4. Dubai – p. 189, Andrea Schulte-Peevers – 2010
  5. 15.0 15.1 See article by Imam Mohamad Jebara “ The fast of Ramadan is not meant to punish ” hypertext transfer protocol : //ottawacitizen.com/opinion/columnists/jebara-the-fasting-of-ramadan-is-not-meant-to-punish Archived 7 พฤษภาคม 2019 ที่ เวย์แบ็กแมชชีน
  6. Ibn Abu Hatim, Abdul Rahman. Tafsir Ibn Abu Hatim ( ภาษาอาหรับ ). p. Vol. 1, Pg. 310, Nu. 1648. لَا تَقُولُوا۟ « رَمَضَانُ » ، فَإِنَّ رَمَضَانَ اسْمٌ مِنْ أَسْمَاءِ اللَّٰهِ، وَلَٰكِنْ قُولُوا۟ « شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ »

  7. Ibn al-Saqri, Abu Tahir. Mashyakhah ( ภาษาอาหรับ ). p. Vol. 1, Pg. 126, Nu. 52. عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّٰهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّٰهِ مَا مَعْنَىٰ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّٰهِ صَلَّىٰ اللَّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : يَا حُمَيْرَاءُ لَا تَقُولِي « رَمَضَانُ » فَإِنَّهُ اسْمٌ مِنْ أَسْمَاءِ اللَّٰهِ وَلَٰكِنْ قُولِي « شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ » يَعْنِي رَمَضَانَ أَرْمَضَ فِيهِ ذُنُوبَ عِبَادِهِ فَغَفَرَهَا

  8. Al-Kulayni, Muhammad ibn Ya’qub. Al-Kafi (ภาษาอาหรับ). p. Book 14 (the Book of Fasting), Ch. 4. قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ): لَا تَقُولُوا۟ «هَٰذَا رَمَضَانُ» وَلَا «ذَهَبَ رَمَضَانُ» وَلَا «جَاءَ رَمَضَانُ» فَإِنَّ رَمَضَانَ اسْمٌ مِنْ أَسْمَاءِ اللَّٰهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَا يَجِيءُ وَلَا يَذْهَبُ وَإِنَّمَا يَجِيءُ وَيَذْهَبُ الزَّائِلُ وَلَٰكِنْ قُولُوا۟ «شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ» فَإِنَّ الشَّهْرَ مُضَافٌ إِلَىٰ الْاسْمِ وَالاسْمُ اسْمُ اللَّٰهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ
  9. Al-Nouri Al-Tabarsi, Husayn. Mustadrak al-Wasa’il ( ภาษาอาหรับ ). p. Vol. 7, Ch. 12, Hadith 1, Nu. 8609.

  10. Al-Shajari, Yahya bin Hussein. Al-Amali Al-Khamisiyah ( ภาษาอาหรับ ). p. Vol. 1, Pg. 380, Nu. 1355. أَنَّ عَلِيًّا عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ كَانَ يَقُولُ : لَا تَقُولُوا۟ « رَمَضَانُ » فَإِنَّكُمْ لَا تَدْرُونَ مَا رَمَضَانُ فَمَنْ قَالَهُ فَلْيَتَصَدَّقْ وَلْيَصُمْ كَفَّارَةً لِقَوْلِهِ، وَلَٰكِنْ قُولُوا۟ كَمَا قَالَ اللَّٰهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ : « شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ »

  11. Ad-Dausaree, Mahmood Bin Ahmad Bin Saaleh (2006). The Magnificence of Quran. Darussalam Publishers.
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  13. Quran Chapter 2, Revelation 183
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  21. James Minahan. The Former Soviet Union’s Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook. p. 133.

  22. Islamic Beliefs, Practices, and Cultures. Marshall Cavendish. p. 165.

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