artificial ache or fir tree manufactured for the specific determination of consumption as a Christmas tree
An artificial Christmas tree is an artificial pine or fir tree manufactured for the specific function of manipulation as a Christmas tree. The earliest artificial Christmas trees were wooden, arboreal pyramids or feather trees, both developed by Germans. Most advanced trees are made of polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) but many other types of trees have been and are available, including aluminum Christmas trees and fiber-optic clear Christmas trees .

history [edit ]

The first artificial Christmas trees were developed in Germany during the nineteenth century, [ 1 ] though earlier examples exist. [ 2 ] These “ trees ” were made using goose feathers that were dyed green. [ 1 ] The german feather trees were one reaction by Germans to continued deforestation in Germany. [ 3 ] Developed in the 1880s, the feather trees became increasingly democratic during the early part of the twentieth century. [ 3 ] The german feather trees finally made their way to the United States where they became rather popular as well. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] In fact, the function of lifelike Christmas trees in the United States was pre-dated by a character of artificial corner. [ 2 ] These first trees were wooden, arboreal pyramids lit by candles, they were developed in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, by the german moravian church in 1747. [ 6 ]

Types of artificial trees [edit ]

Feathers [edit ]

An exercise of an antique feather Christmas tree

Feather Christmas trees, originally of german origin, became popular in the United States a well. Feather trees were initially made of green-dyed goose feathers which were attached to wire branches. [ 4 ] These wire branches were then wrapped around a central dowel which acted as the torso [ 4 ] Feather Christmas trees ranged widely in size, from a modest 5-centimeter ( 2-inch ) tree to a big 2.5-meter ( 98-inch ) tree sold in department stores during the 1920s. [ 5 ] Often, the tree branches were tipped with artificial bolshevik berries which acted as candle holders. [ 4 ] The branches were widely spaced to keep the candles from starting a displace, which allowed ample space for decoration. [ 4 ] other benefits touted for feather trees included the elimination of a trip to the tree bunch and the lack of spill needles. [ 4 ] In 1930 a British-based Addis Housewares Company created the beginning artificial Christmas tree made from brush bristles. [ 7 ] The trees were made from the lapp animal-hair bristles used in toilet brushes, save they were dyed fleeceable. [ 2 ]

aluminum [edit ]

aluminum trees were manufactured in the United States, first in Chicago in 1958, [ 8 ] and later in Manitowoc, Wisconsin where the majority of the trees were produced. [ 9 ] Aluminum trees were manufactured into the 1970s, [ 8 ] and had their altitude of popularity from their origin until about 1965. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] That year A Charlie Brown Christmas aired for the first fourth dimension, and its negative depiction of aluminum Christmas trees is credited for a subsequent decline in sales. [ 8 ]

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credit card [edit ]

Most artificial Christmas trees are made from PVC credit card. PVC trees are fire-retardant but not fire-retardant. [ 2 ] Many of these trees are made in China ; from January to August 2005 $ 69 million worth of artificial trees from China entered the United States. [ 12 ] The prelit corner has become increasingly popular in the United States and Germany arsenic well, ascribable to lend ease of not having to string one ‘s own lights. Types of lights popular today include incandescent lights ( besides referred to as “ mini lights ” ) and LED lights ( where each bulb has its own socket, preventing the wholly string from going out should one medulla oblongata burn out ). [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Prelit trees are subject to the compulsory regulations for the safety standards of electric products and have to meet safety standards approved by a nationally recognized testing testing ground such as UL ( Underwriters Labs ), CSA ( canadian Standards Association ), ETL ( Intertek ), GS, BS and RoHS. [ 15 ] Artificial Christmas trees may be “ frosted ” or “ glittered ” and designed for outdoor uses with UV additives. [ 16 ] Plastic trees can come in a variety of different colors, [ 2 ] and one type came with built-in speakers and an MP3 musician. [ 17 ] Companies such as Mountain King, Barcana and the National Tree Company have marketed increasingly naturalistic PVC trees made to closely resemble Douglas fir, Ponderosa pine or other common types of Christmas trees. [ 4 ] During the 1990s trees not only began to appear more naturalistic but some besides smelled more realistic. [ 4 ] Many of these more advanced models come with pre-strung lights and hinged branches which just had to be snapped into military position. [ 4 ] More recently, companies such as Balsam Hill have begun to use ( PE ) formative molded from natural tree branches in an campaign to create more realistic artificial Christmas trees. [ 18 ] [ 19 ]

other [edit ]

A stand-alone top down Christmas tree Trends in artificial tree consumption have constantly evolved and a number of couturier and early types of artificial Christmas trees have appeared on the market. Fiber eye trees come in two major varieties, one resembles a traditional Christmas tree. [ 17 ] The other type of fiber ocular Christmas tree is one where the entire tree is made of dim fiber eye cable, a tree composed wholly of lighter. [ 17 ] David Gutshall, of Johnstown, Pennsylvania, received a patent for the latter type of fiber eye tree in 1998. [ 20 ] One Dallas -based company offers “ holographic mylar ” trees in many hues. [ 2 ] arboreal objects made from such materials as cardboard, [ 21 ] glass, [ 22 ] ceramic or other materials can be found in use as tabletop decorations. [ citation needed ] Upside-down artificial Christmas trees were primitively introduced as a selling doodad ; they allowed consumers to get closer to ornaments for sale in retail stores vitamin a well as opened up floor space for more products. [ 23 ] There were three varieties of inverted trees, those bolted to the ceiling, stand alone trees with a base, and half-trees bolted to walls. [ 24 ]

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acculturation [edit ]

The custom of putting up and decorating a Christmas tree is nothing new. It is the iconic symbol of the holiday and has become a focal point in the homes of those who participate in Christmas festivities. It is a ritual action that many have adoring memories of and there is a nostalgia to having a substantial corner. however, there was a change from classical to modern and this transfer occurred when numerous other artifacts became plasticize. The culture of Christmas intersects with the culture of credit card, and so the artificial Christmas corner is born. Its popularity has grown since its invention, creating a new demand. “ Reports reference a 34 percentage dribble in live tree sales the past decade, and a 30 percentage advance last year alone in the sale of bogus trees, to 9.6 million ”. [ 25 ] A necessitate for credit card starts with economics : how cheap formative objects are compared to their non-plastic counterpart. “ … uncertain economic times ensure more Americans will be looking at Christmas trees as an investment … a single artificial Christmas tree costs 70 percentage less than the buy of ten veridical Christmas trees over the same time period of time ”. [ 26 ] All of this blend with our appliance culture that enjoys the ease of new technologies, the artificial Christmas tree has blossomed into the vacation staple that it is nowadays. In 1992, in the United States, about 46 percentage of homes displaying Christmas trees displayed an artificial corner. [ 27 ] Twelve years subsequently, a 2004 ABC News / The Washington Post poll revealed that 58 percentage of U.S. residents used an artificial tree rather of a natural tree. [ 28 ] The real versus artificial tree debate has been popular in mass media through the early twenty-first hundred. The debate is a frequent topic of news articles during the Christmas vacation season. [ 12 ] [ 29 ] early twenty-first century coverage of the debate focused on the decrease in natural Christmas tree sales, and rise in artificial tree sales over the late 1990s and early 2000s. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] The rise in popularity of artificial trees did not go unnoticed by the Christmas tree farming industry in the United States. In 2004, the U.S. Christmas tree diligence hired the advertising agency Smith-Harroff to spearhead an ad campaign aimed at rejuvenating lagging sales of natural trees. [ 12 ] A 1975 pate by Michigan State University showed the reasons why consumers were beginning to prefer artificial over natural Christmas trees. [ 4 ] The reasons included safety, erstwhile buy, and environmental province but the biggest cause respondents gave pollsters was no messy needle clean up. [ 4 ]

production [edit ]

A distinctive 1.8-meter-tall ( 6 foot ) recycled PVC Christmas tree made by Oncor Most artificial Christmas trees are manufactured in the Pearl River Delta sphere in China. [ 30 ] Between January and September 2011, over 79.7 million dollars worth of artificial Christmas trees were exported to the United States. The act of artificial Christmas trees imported to United States rose 139 million in the same nine-month period in 2012. Promoters of artificial trees highlight them as commodious, reclaimable, and of better quality than artificial trees of old. Supporters besides note that some apartment buildings have banned natural trees because of ardor concerns. [ 30 ] There is besides a full-bodied market for artificial Christmas trees in Poland. An estimate 20 percentage of all Christmas trees sold in Poland are artificial, and many are made domestically by individual families. One producer from Koziegłówki [ who? ] stated that every other family was an artificial corner manufacturer. The trees are made from a particular film which is imported largely from China or Thailand. Entire families take function in production and the trees are sold throughout Poland with some being exported to the Czech Republic and Slovakia. [ 31 ] The main artificial Christmas tree producer in Poland is in Piła .

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environmental issues [edit ]

General issues [edit ]

The debate about the environmental shock of artificial trees is ongoing. generally, lifelike tree growers contend that artificial trees are more environmentally harmful than their natural counterpart. [ 32 ] On the other side of the debate, deal groups such as the American Christmas Tree Association, continue to refute that artificial trees are more harmful to the environment and wield that the PVC used in Christmas trees has excellent reclaimable properties. [ 33 ] One research worker at Kansas State University called the estimate that artificial trees are eco-friendly an “ urban myth ”. [ 34 ]

lead contaminant [edit ]

In the past, leave was often used as a stabilizer in PVC, but it is now prohibited by chinese laws. [ citation needed ] Most PVC materials for making artificial Christmas trees are now using canister as a stabilizer. [ citation needed ] PVC was used in some of the 2007 recalled chinese toys. [ 35 ] A 2004 study found that while in general artificial trees pose little health risk from lead contamination, there do exist “ worst-case scenarios ” where major health risks to new children are present. [ 36 ] The lead author of the 2004 study, Dr. Richard Maas, noted in 2005 : “ We found that if we leave one of these trees standing for a week, and we wipe under the tree we ‘ll find boastfully amounts of leave dust in many cases under the tree ”. [ 37 ]

In 2007, U.S. Senator Charles Schumer ( D-NY ) asked the Consumer Products Safety Commission to investigate leash levels in Chinese imported artificial trees. [ 35 ] lead-free artificial Christmas trees do exist ; for example, one U.S.-based company uses barium alternatively of lead as a stabilizer in its PVC trees. [ 35 ] A 2008 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reputation found that as the PVC in artificial Christmas trees aged it began to degrade. [ 38 ] The composition determined that of the 50 million artificial trees in the United States approximately 20 million were 9 or more years old, the point where dangerous tip contamination levels are reached. [ 38 ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

far read [edit ]

  • Wohleber, Curt. “Fake Fir”, American Heritage, Winter 2007, accessed December 18, 2008.
  • American Christmas Tree Association, industry trade group
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