Four-wheel-drive off-road SUV produced by Jeep
Motor vehicle
The Jeep Wrangler is a series of compact and mid-size four-wheel drive off-road SUVs manufactured by Jeep since 1986, and presently in its fourth generation. The Wrangler JL, the most holocene generation, was unveiled in late 2017 and is produced at Jeep ‘s Toledo Complex. The Wrangler is a direct progression from the World War II Jeep, through the CJ ( civilian Jeeps ) produced by Willys, Kaiser-Jeep and American Motors Corporation ( AMC ) from the mid-1940s through 1980s. Although neither AMC nor Chrysler ( after its purchase of AMC in 1987 ) have claimed that the Wrangler was a direct descendant of the original military model — both the CJ Jeeps and the conceptually consistent Wrangler, with their solid axles and exposed top, have been called the Jeep model as cardinal to Jeep ‘s mark identity as the rear-engined 911 is to Porsche. [ 1 ]

similar to the Willys MB and the CJ Jeeps before it, all Wrangler models continue to use a separate body and frame, rigid populate axles both movement and rise, a tapering intrude design with flare out fenders, a fold-flat windshield, and can be driven without doors. besides, with few exceptions, they have half-time four-wheel drive systems, with the choice of high and gloomy gearing, and standard are open bodies with removable hard- or soft-tops. however, the Wrangler serial was specifically redesigned to be safer and more comfortable on-road, to attract more day by day drivers, [ 2 ] by upgrading its suspension, drivetrain, and interior, compared to the CJ line. The pause on all Wranglers included trackbars and anti-roll bars, and, from the 1997 TJ onwards, front and rear coil springs rather of the previous leaf-springs. [ 3 ] From 2004 on, the Wrangler has been complemented with long-wheelbase versions, called Wrangler Unlimited. 2004-2006 models were longer versions with 2 doors. In 2004 only automatic pistol transmission-equipped “ Unlimited ” versions were sold. In 2005 both an automatic and manual 6-speed ( NSG-370 ) were offered. Since 2007, the long-wheelbase Wranglers were four-door models, offering over 20 in ( 508 millimeter ) more room. By mid 2017 the four-door models represented three-quarters of all modern Wranglers on the market. [ 4 ]

background [edit ]

outwardly strongly resembling the Jeep CJ-7, the first base Wrangler, which was formally announced in February 1986 at the 1986 Chicago Auto Show, was based on a new arrange of design parameters. “ The product philosophy behind the two vehicles ” François Castaing ( AMC VP of Product Engineering ) explained, “ is completely different ”. [ 5 ] The raw car had a wide track, slightly less reason headroom, more comfort and improved cover. The YJ still had flick spring suspension alike to that of the CJ – however, the springs were wider, and the first gear Wrangler sported trackbar suspension links and anti-roll bars for improved handle and safety, making it less easy to flip by untrained or unwary drivers. [ 6 ] The Wrangler debuted in 1986 as a fresh model after the discontinuance of the Jeep CJ series. [ 7 ] It was revised in 1996, and completely redesigned in 2006. In addition to the model name Wrangler, each model received a designation corresponding to its generation : YJ ( 1986–1995 ), TJ ( 1997–2006 ), TJU ‘s ( normally known as LJs- 2004–2006 outright models, or YJL, in the egyptian owners manual. ), JKU ( 2007–2017 Unlimited models ) and JK ( 2007–2017 ), and the latest JL exemplar, introduced for the 2018 model year. Foreign military versions of the Wrangler have carried the J8 appellation which was initially dubbed TJL when beginning produced at arabian american Vehicle ‘s egyptian plant. [ 8 ] Jeep YJ models were manufactured between 1986 and 1995 at Brampton Assembly, and subsequently at the Toledo South Assembly plant. [ 9 ] A major remainder in the 1987–1995 models were the orthogonal headlights, which reverted to rounded ones in the TJ and then JK versions. In 2006, Wrangler output was moved to Toledo Complex. [ 10 ] Post-2006 Wranglers were set apart from their predecessors by the angle of the wicket. In all previous models, the grille was flat and even with the front fenders. The newer Wrangler was constructed with a wicket that angled out from the top and then continued in a straight line from the midway point, toward the bottom. This decreased the hood distance while increasing the length of the fenders. In more late models, this fish has been lowered more toward the buttocks of the wicket. In Egypt, the YJ was produced a well as a long wheel-base translation, dubbed LJ ( or labeled as YJL in Egypt ‘s Owners Manual ), and which has retained the 2-door design. The YJL is considered as the first predecessor of the JK ‘s long wheel-base by continuing as TJL ( aka J8 ) which has directly inspired the JK ‘s 4-door. There is a Wrangler-based pickup truck, the Gladiator, which began output in 2019 for the 2020 model year. [ 11 ]

SEE ALSO  2019 - 2020 Vespa Sprint 150

YJ ( 1987 ) [edit ]

Motor fomite
Although introduced in 1986 ( under control of Renault ), and by 1987 ( the first exemplar class ) under the new ownership of Chrysler, the first-generation Wrangler had been developed by American Motors Corporation ( AMC ). It featured rectangular headlamps, differing from the round ones on its predecessors, the CJ Jeeps. Although continuing many essentials, such as an open body with alone minor modifications, on a classify frame, with the lapp wheelbase, half-time 4WD and live inflexible axles on leaf-springs, both front and rear, just like the CJ-7 – the modern ‘Wrangler ‘ was promoted by the manufacturer as a significantly new design with a wide track, slenderly less ground clearance, more comfort and improved condom and handle. [ 12 ] israeli military car manufacturer Automotive Industries Ltd. introduced its beginning genesis of the AIL Storm, the workhorse off-road vehicle of the Israeli Security Forces, as a version of the 1991 Wrangler YJ, but on the 103.5 in ( 263 centimeter ) CJ-6 / CJ-8 wheelbase. AIL builds the whole vehicles themselves, save for diverse outwardly sourced engines. Long and brusque wheelbase versions were besides available for civilian purchase. aside from this, there was a Jeep-managed output line in Egypt, whose jeeps are used by the Egyptian armed forces – but this was absorbed into the AIL Storm production after it closed in 1995. [ 13 ] Up-armoured AIL Storm I, ( “ Sufa ” )

TJ ( 1996 ) [edit ]

Motor vehicle
Introduced in 1996 as a 1997 model, the second-generation Wrangler reintroduced the round headlamps from the classical Jeep models. The chief engine was the AMC 242 4.0L inline 6. From the Wrangler TJ onwards, all Wranglers were fitted with coil-spring rather of leaf-spring suspension, the automatic sceneshifter was relocated to the deck. late in the TJ ‘s life bicycle, in 2004, a long-wheelbase “ Unlimited ” model was introduced for the first time. furthermore, starting 2006, Israeli Automotive Industries Ltd. produced the first five-door Jeep Wrangler derivative, built under license from Chrysler, for the Israel Defense Forces, based on a 2,931 millimeter ( 115.4 in ) wheelbase Wrangler ( TJ ) .
TJ-based long-wheelbase models TJ Wrangler Unlimited, a plus 10 edge ( 25.4 curium ) LWB soft-top, as of 2004 israeli AIL Ltd. Storm II Commander

SEE ALSO  Gionee M7 Power is officially presented at the Thailand Mobile Expo 2017

JK ( 2007 ) [edit ]

Motor vehicle

JK
Jeep Wrangler Unlimited front 20080521.jpg Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Sahara ( JK, Germany )

Overview
Production August 2006 – April 2018
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door convertible
2-door SUV
4-door convertible
4-door SUV
Related Jeep J8

The third-generation Wrangler was released in 2006 for the 2007 model year. Developed under the ownership of DaimlerChrysler, the JK was Jeep ‘s first Wrangler that was a wholly clean-sheet design of the body, human body, and abeyance. New features for the Wrangler included ability windows, distant power door locks, navigation, equally well as electronically detachable rock bars on some models. Along with the traditional 2-door mannequin, a 4-door “ Unlimited ” model was released, offering well more room, thanks to an over 20 inches ( 50 curium ) longer wheelbase. These became quite successful sellers. By mid-2017 the four-door models represented three-quarters of all new Wranglers on the market. [ 4 ] On September 2, 2011, Jeep announced a partnership with Activision for the irregular year in a row, to make a special edition Modern Warfare 3 Jeep based on the Wrangler Rubicon model. The Jeep comes with respective features including the interior and outside being designed with a Modern Warfare 3 theme. jeep dealers started selling this model in November 2011. [ 14 ]

JL ( 2018 ) [edit ]

Motor fomite

JL
2018 Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Sport 4-door front 6.10.18.jpg Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Sport S
Overview
Production November 2017 – present
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door convertible
2-door SUV
4-door convertible
4-door SUV
4-door SUT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 96.8 in (2,459 mm) (2 door). 118.4 in (3,007 mm) (4 door)
Length 166.8 in (4,237 mm) (2 door). 188.4 in (4,785 mm) (4 door)
Width 73.8 in (1,875 mm)
Height 70.9 in (1,801 mm)
Curb weight 4,439 lb (2,013 kg) (Rubicon Unlimited)

The fourth-generation Wrangler was unveiled in recently 2017 for the 2018 model year. The JL features that include : extra powertrains over the Pentastar V6, a redesign 8-speed automatic infection, an easier fold-flat windshield, new zipperless soft tops, blind-spot monitor, a accompaniment camera, and a more modern interior. Powertrains for the 2018 models included a 2.0L Turbo I4 making 270 horsepower and 295 lb-ft of torsion and the 3.6L Pentastar V6 gasoline engine making 285 Hp and 260 lb-ft of torsion. additionally, a 2.2 I4 Turbodiesel that was first available in Europe and since 2020 in North America with EcoDiesel engines. For the 2021 model year, Jeep introduced a circuit board loanblend version of the Wrangler, dubbed the Wrangler 4xe, that went on sale in early 2021. The Wrangler 4xe will provide an estimate 25 miles of all-electric range. Advertisements have mentioned the release of a 392 model 6.4L Hemi V8 Wrangler Rubicon that is expected to be producing approximately 470 horsepower. Sales of the new 392 are expected to be available in early 2021. [ 15 ] JL Rubicon ( Geneva Int. Motor Show 2018 )

recognition [edit ]

The Jeep Wrangler received the 2009 Best Resale Value Award from Kelley Blue Book ( KBB ) in the mutant utility vehicle category. In 2012 and for 2013, it was besides awarded the Best resale Value Award from Kelly Blue Book in the compact sport utility vehicle class. [ 16 ] [ 17 ] The Wrangler besides holds the Models to Best Hold Its Value recognition from Kelley Blue Book for 1998, 1999, 2003, 2011, and 2012. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] [ 20 ] The 2011, [ 21 ] 2012, [ 22 ] and 2013 [ 23 ] Jeep Wranglers have received Canadian Black Book’s Best Retained Value Award for the compact SUV class. In 2007, The Jeep Wrangler had set the Guinness World Record for highest altitude attained by a four-wheel fomite after ferrying Matthias Jeschke and his Extrem Events gamble team up Chile ‘s Ojos del Salado, the highest volcano on Earth ( record reached the lapp year by a Suzuki Samurai [ 24 ] ). The trek from base camp to the world record stature play from March 7 to March 13, when the team ‘s pair of Wrangler Rubicon Unlimiteds checked in at 6,646 metres ( 21,804 foot ). In 2007 and for 2013, the magazine Four Wheeler awarded the Jeep Wrangler with its Four-Wheeler of the Year Award [ 25 ] [ 26 ] and in January 2010, they awarded the Jeep Wrangler Unlimited Rubicon its style of 4×4 of the Decade. [ 27 ] [ 28 ] In 1997, 2007, and 2012, the magazine Petersen’s 4-Wheel & Off-Road awarded the Jeep Wrangler with its 4×4 of the Year prize. The 2008 edition of Forbes Autos lists the four-wheel-drive convertible Jeep Wrangler at issue four among the top ten-spot vehicles with the highest resale respect. [ 29 ] In May 2009, Business Week magazine named the Wrangler One of the Most Iconic Cars of the concluding 20 Years. [ 30 ] A 2018 iSeeCars.com study named the Jeep Wrangler as the fomite with the lowest disparagement after five years. [ 31 ]

SEE ALSO  The 9 Best Sunscreens For Sensitive Skin That Won't Cause Irritation

Electric Wrangler [edit ]

In September 2008, Chrysler frailty Chairmen Tom LaSorda unveiled a range-extended electric 4-door Wrangler along with similarly engineered Town and Country minivan and a strictly electric sports cable car. The Wrangler would have a 40-mile ( 64 kilometer ) compass before a flatulence engine starts and begins supplying extra electricity. [ 32 ] The 4xe has a 17kWh battery with a useable capacity of 15kWh and has an all-electric range of 21 miles per accusation. The 4xe is a circuit board Hybrid that takes advantage of jeeps new 2.0 liter turbocharged 4-cylinder engine. [ 33 ] In early on 2021 Jeep created a unique battery electric fomite ( BEV ) that removes nothing from the Wrangler drive experience while toying with future propulsion ideas. It ‘s besides brilliant because it allows the very same aftermarket parts that bolt to a regular Wrangler to be used on the Magneto. In fact, Magneto sports a JPP 2-inch raise kit out, 17-inch Lights Out black metallic wheels with 35-inch mud-terrain tires, customs roll cage, Mopar Rock Rails, steel bumpers with a Warn winch, and a steel belly pan. [ 34 ] In April 2022 Jeep unveiled a new concept for what they call The Jeep Wrangler Magneto 2.0. The vehicle, which would have 625 horsepower and up to 850-footpounds of torsion, would be able to go 0-60 miles per hour in fair 2 seconds. The concept vehicle besides includes a modern electric powertrain calibration, which Jeep refers to as “ electronic azotic oxide, ” allowing the vehicle to maintain acme power for deoxyadenosine monophosphate many as 10 seconds. [ 35 ]

Sales [edit ]

Calendar year United States Canada Outside North America Europe
1997 4,732[36]
1998 4,379
1999 89,174 3,477
2000 82,254[37] 3,061
2001 68,831 2,171
2002 64,351[38] 1,921
2003 70,093[39] 1,990
2004 77,550[40] 2,121
2005 79,017 2,593
2006 80,271[41] 2,462
2007[42] 119,243 9,834 [43] 6,612
2008[44] 84,615 12,137 [43] 5,766
2009[45] 82,044 7,271 [46] 3,469
2010[47] 94,310 11,062 [48] 3,747
2011[49] 122,460 15,636 [48] 6,829
2012[50] 141,669 18,996 [51] 7,499
2013[52] 155,502 18,578 5,619
2014 175,328 23,057 36,194 5,302
2015[53] 202,702 20,880 31,702 6,059
2016 191,774[54] 18,505[55] 4,259
2017 190,522[56] 17,296[57] 3,670
2018 240,032 24,615 6,862
2019 228,032[58] 25,659[59] 7,522
2020 201,310[60] 21,262 7,262
2021 204,609 20,026

See besides [edit ]

  • Jeep Jamboree: Off Road Adventure – a video game based on the then-current Jeep Wrangler YJ model

Notes [edit ]

References [edit ]

  • Media related to Jeep Wrangler at Wikimedia Commons
  • Official website
informant : https://usakairali.com
Category : Hair

ใส่ความเห็น

อีเมลของคุณจะไม่แสดงให้คนอื่นเห็น

https://www.escapefromwatchtower.com/slot-online/ https://thebakersavenue.com/wp-includes/slot-online/ https://www.antiquavox.it/live22-indonesia/ https://ogino.co.uk/wp-includes/slot-gacor/ https://www.amarfoundation.org/slot-gacor/